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Charset 101

 

Character Encoding 101

Consider this character: É

In the iso-8859-1 character encoding, it is represented by a single byte: 0xC9

In the utf-8 character encoding, it is represented by a two bytes: 0xC3 0x89

In the ucs-2 character encoding, it is represented by a two bytes: 0x00 0xC9

 

You now understand character encoding -- the charset (i.e. character encoding) tells a program how to interpret bytes as characters.

Next: What is ANSI?

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