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VB.NET UWP/WinRT Examples

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(VB.NET UWP/WinRT) Efficiently Process a Huge XML File

Demonstrates a technique for processing a huge XML file (can be any size, even many gigabytes).

Note: This example requires Chilkat v9.5.0.80 or greater.

Chilkat Universal Windows Platform (UWP) / WinRT Downloads

Chilkat for the Universal Windows Platform (UWP)

' This example shows a way to efficiently process a gigantic XML file -- one that may be too large
' to fit in memory.  
' 
' Two types of XML parsers exist: DOM parsers and SAX parsers.

' A DOM parser is a Document Object Model parser, where the entire XML is loaded into memory
' and the application has the luxury of interacting with the XML in a convenient, random-access
' way.  The Chilkat Xml class is a DOM parser.  Because the entire XML is loaded into memory,
' huge XML files (on the order of gigabytes) are usually not loadable for memory constraints.

' A SAX parser is such that the XML file is parsed as an input stream.  No DOM exists.  
' Using a SAX parser is generally less palatable than using a DOM parser, for many reasons.
' 
' The technique described here is a hybrid.  It streams the XML file as unstructured text
' to extract fragments that are individually treated as separate XML documents loaded into
' the Chilkat Xml parser.
' 
' For example, imagine your XML file is several GBs in size, but has a relatively simple structure, such as:
' 
' <Transactions>
'     <Transaction id="1">
'          ...
'     </Transaction>
'     <Transaction id="2">
'          ...
'     </Transaction>
'     <Transaction id="3">
'          ...
'     </Transaction>
' ...
' </Transactions>

' In the following code, each <Transaction ...> ... </Transaction>
' is extracted and loaded separately into an Xml object, where it can be manipulated
' independently.  The entire XML file is never entirely loaded into memory.

Dim fac As New Chilkat.FileAccess

Dim success As Boolean = fac.OpenForRead("qa_data/xml/transactions.xml")
If (success = False) Then
    Debug.WriteLine(fac.LastErrorText)
    Exit Sub
End If


Dim xml As New Chilkat.Xml
Dim sb As New Chilkat.StringBuilder
Dim firstIteration As Boolean = True
Dim retval As Integer = 1
Dim numTransactions As Integer = 0

' The begin marker is "XML tag aware".  If the begin marker begins with "<"
' and ends with ">", then it is assumed to be an XML tag and it will also match
' substrings where the ">" can be a whitespace char.
Dim beginMarker As String = "<Transaction>"
Dim endMarker As String = "</Transaction>"

While retval = 1
    sb.Clear()
    ' The retval can have the following values:
    ' 0: No more fragments exist.
    ' 1: Captured the next fragment.  The text from beginMarker to endMarker, including the markers, are returned in sb.
    ' -1: Error.
    retval = fac.ReadNextFragment(firstIteration,beginMarker,endMarker,"utf-8",sb)
    firstIteration = False

    If (retval = 1) Then
        numTransactions = numTransactions + 1
        success = xml.LoadSb(sb,True)
        ' Your application may now do what it needs with this particular XML fragment...
    End If

End While

If (retval < 0) Then
    Debug.WriteLine(fac.LastErrorText)
End If


Debug.WriteLine("numTransactions: " & numTransactions)

 

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