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VB.NET UWP/WinRT Examples

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(VB.NET UWP/WinRT) How to Generate a JSON Web Key (JWK)

Demonstrates how to generate the following types of JSON Web Keys:

  • RSA key pair
  • EC key pair
  • Octet sequence key (HMAC-256)
  • 192-bit AES GCM key

Note: This example requires Chilkat v9.5.0.66 or later.

Chilkat Universal Windows Platform (UWP) / WinRT Downloads

Chilkat for the Universal Windows Platform (UWP)

'  This requires the Chilkat API to have been previously unlocked.
'  See Global Unlock Sample for sample code.

'  ----------------------------------------------
'  Generate an RSA key pair in JWK format.
'  (Examples for generating other key types are shown below...)
Dim rsa As New Chilkat.Rsa
Dim success As Boolean = rsa.GenerateKey(2048)
Dim rsaKey As Chilkat.PrivateKey = rsa.ExportPrivateKeyObj()
Dim rsaJwkStr As String = rsaKey.GetJwk()

'  The string returned is the most compact possible, and therefore it is not
'  very readable.  To pretty-print, load into a JSON object and emit..
Dim json As New Chilkat.JsonObject
json.EmitCompact = False
json.Load(rsaJwkStr)
Debug.WriteLine(json.Emit())



'  Sample RSA JWK:

'  {
'    "kty": "RSA",
'    "n": "6w1Xpof7gKmytJ3yc_yjI5_K3MvVXnBYBDy5Oh2W6Xqu_fOl3W18SjS2AU5xJrTHlB_j84yQjPyXJh_ixjACK4K4dCSYqlLmn3R7QJ84vnHLIEkqwUICqOHdCBjK5xhMrdZxIhuNlJzbARY-3u9RqjsT3HYTjA6JNHUWTYBBRou4gYGm4cJgvX4uexdikqxnze014RmZMaOV_4MR--WL4G8QfNJ2pRBEXQeKyije89H6M5oTSK7KZqFTIqu9hwNtx2oGpGAIcS0Jv5xVl-hDtwXZNwQJaOxMzLw1nwnb2kMliJa67EabQFrQY_xthQNsfzcHJJlpqYiMprW8wRkzmQ",
'    "e": "AQAB",
'    "d": "1_bnXMw-SeYhmxAwb19lqVqtMpdaES5ZwHLmoT4EpbsiQ5T1BfENrMSnoaWoEy8w3Kk8cU7qlY-TdOUBIKWFqOKvhY8GciA_Y6zLfgGNSnYVczGmxfBXr0HvKvxUmWZbNbH9OqBkQnKoSmRdGcp7l1Q2mG4o4ZuNdxRJjKXV0_DTrNLUJzst0hsfoZ6mWUrQcn39XGvvLjz9ySS-DYGI1vli3ayx8jVNuw0rU8UXVs9WmPQLvZO_ZDMhoLEeKsdejnNkUNPAUjqxcSOZRojt4BfCmbt-_1slFb0NsoaqnDVZGezd9J9ocxGuyIWHAJu9GGZEcdaFyiDDs_WA1IS_fQ",
'    "p": "9dU8f6yOklRcpV6ayVMKpyQ6AMuBTF3rZmB498eAvvTkVG1-upm8IkikTVNpPjEalc82Sxuq8oF4N5x1-F33sgVEoCZG-1WFZTn-rnPnXSALES9hqSaVYEwnh61EiY8ckjBVr9jD2nL1JKdbfgVVeo69-9PdjnKYYDVL8eLNPwM",
'    "q": "9MX2sW0GyaOsZ86AYe3eG2ZgcgKHvhJa573gih5Jvi2e-Nv-L0EVK29_DA7n0Pjm-gl9zVAsGsMMkphJyEF9QgyUlJ-59XLqWnECS5gO6WZdtHrJxVvcO-_AOrLIxeYnYcwhmaVaxs_UEpqGzupKHCWgf4cfXe49lrIsqGKH4jM",
'    "dp": "IQgj9uvSxGq9gCL0HXUhC1Bc0tqFZyN_i-QOnQybig0R2R5VVvFtTBYCrbk1fPvQHK0ZGIKBN9CZvK8zUsodjDgU_ofmJcNaBz4BsKM2RVcW5Zo-PyJGFAhnj12CxhEKv8Hq4ZP4zROBSQmLy6Uf1TX05S-Up51SSCshJ0FYXs0",
'    "dq": "RijsMiUfGfL5OvP85pUI4e-xW1yQThHyzpQlZVGTL5jiBVEBhcfw6ndWAj3Pgp2ljyvjTFNboPwhgW93Tpg-8AytFgDGi605sVzNHJ_kPlBiMZY0eYaAFQn-npSaaecziJu7UdAMugneLsruMycCwRij7Ynsmr7sFmLR3B4J9vM",
'    "qi": "jZE-a1pa8YjflpCSH5oqp1f6f6I6-hpZcLdamLCoAcjVSIPk86gtXtOFES4411-DqYzYIZM6B_g_SRYY6JpKAOuZ40mmMTlnIEoVf8BHiGl3g6bBAiN1yQGXrwXJsg2OYnocyRA-xWNdcMSSFA52SwEdar2Mmw29qVzxtC1QbpA"
'  }


'  ----------------------------------------------
'  Generate an EC P-256 key pair in JWK format

Dim prng As New Chilkat.Prng
Dim ecc As New Chilkat.Ecc
Dim ecKey As Chilkat.PrivateKey = ecc.GenEccKey("P-256",prng)
If (ecc.LastMethodSuccess <> True) Then
    Debug.WriteLine(ecc.LastErrorText)
    Exit Sub
End If


Dim ecJwkStr As String = ecKey.GetJwk()
json.Load(ecJwkStr)
Debug.WriteLine(json.Emit())



'  Sample EC JWK Key:
'  {
'    "kty": "EC",
'    "crv": "P-256",
'    "x": "tDeeYABgKEAbWicYPCEEI8sP4SRIhHKcHDW7VqrB4LA",
'    "y": "J08HOoIZ0rX2Me3bNFZUltfxIk1Hrc8FsLu8VaSxsMI",
'    "d": "-bqt1T0wNAN8sP5ruycQZRVlMlt3V_dSwlJ60xAX5io"
'  }

'  ----------------------------------------------
'  Octet sequence keys are intended for representing secret keys, such as HMAC keys and AES keys.

'  We'll use crypt to generate a random UUID..
Dim crypt As New Chilkat.Crypt2

'  AES and HMAC keys are simply random arrays of bytes
'  For these, we can just build the JSON directly,
'  with the help of the PRNG object.

Dim jwkHmac As New Chilkat.JsonObject
jwkHmac.EmitCompact = False

'  Generate a 256-bit HMAK key (32 bytes)
jwkHmac.AppendString("kty","oct")
'  Give the key an optional ID, which can be anything, even strings as simple as "1", "2", etc.
jwkHmac.AppendString("kid",crypt.GenerateUuid())
'  Indicate the intended key alg (optional)
jwkHmac.AppendString("alg","HS256")
'  Generate the actual key bytes
jwkHmac.AppendString("k",prng.GenRandom(32,"base64url"))

Debug.WriteLine(jwkHmac.Emit())

'  Sample HMAC-256 JWK:

'  {
'    "kty": "oct",
'    "kid": "06c2515d-41fb-e436-e405-3abb361f5f7a",
'    "alg": "HS256",
'    "k": "wR32w7yiMe5Lhb1vkW2koBpoMxpXTFYuxOYCCIEKjdE"
'  }


'  ----------------------------------------------
'  Now generate a 192-bit (24 byte) key that could be used with AES192GCM

Dim jwkAes As New Chilkat.JsonObject
jwkAes.EmitCompact = False

jwkAes.AppendString("kty","oct")
jwkAes.AppendString("kid","2")
jwkAes.AppendString("k",prng.GenRandom(24,"base64url"))

Debug.WriteLine(jwkAes.Emit())

'  Sample AES key:
'  {
'    "kty": "oct",
'    "kid": "2",
'    "k": "akAkq-L_ZTZ6-tEIhDUMtU2ENhsEgL-p"
'  }

 

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