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Tcl Examples

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(Tcl) RSA Encrypting Symmetric Secret Key

The RSA encryption algorithm is computationally expensive. It is not the best choice for encrypting large amounts of data. Symmetric encryption algorithms such as AES (i.e. Rijndael) or Blowfish are much more efficient. A typical application scenario is that you want to send encrypted messages to a partner, but you don't want to send the symmetric key unprotected. A solution is to generate a public/private RSA key pair and provide your partner with the public key (in advance). You may then encrypt the symmetric algorithm's key using the RSA private key. Next, encrypt the message using the symmetric algorithm, and send your partner both the encrypted key and encrypted message. Your partner decrypts by first RSA decrypting the key, and then uses the decrypted symmetric key to decrypt the message content.

Chilkat Tcl Extension Downloads

Chilkat Tcl Extension Downloads

load ./chilkat.dll

# This example assumes the Chilkat API to have been previously unlocked.
# See Global Unlock Sample for sample code.

set rsa [new_CkRsa]

set crypt [new_CkCrypt2]

# Load a public/private key pair from a .snk key file.
# Assume you have already provided your partner with 
# the public key part of the key pair.
set xmlKey [CkRsa_snkToXml $rsa "chilkat2.snk"]

# Alternatively, you may generate a public/private key pair 
# by calling GenerateKey..

# Import the private key into the RSA instance.
set success [CkRsa_ImportPrivateKey $rsa $xmlKey]

# Our message data will be encrypted using 128-bit AES
# encryption, using CBC (cipher-block chaining).
CkCrypt2_put_CryptAlgorithm $crypt "aes"
CkCrypt2_put_CipherMode $crypt "cbc"
CkCrypt2_put_KeyLength $crypt 128

# Generate a 128-bit secret key from a passphrase and return it as a hex string.
set secretKey [CkCrypt2_genEncodedSecretKey $crypt "secret" "hex"]
puts "Unencrypted Key: $secretKey"

# Use the key we generated:
CkCrypt2_SetEncodedKey $crypt $secretKey "hex"

# RSA encrypt the secret key and return as a hex string:
CkRsa_put_EncodingMode $rsa "hex"
set bUsePrivateKey 0
set encryptedKey [CkRsa_encryptStringENC $rsa $secretKey $bUsePrivateKey]

# Symmetric encrypt a message.  For this example the message
# is very short, but typically this is where a large amount
# of data may be encrypted.
CkCrypt2_put_EncodingMode $crypt "base64"
set encryptedText [CkCrypt2_encryptStringENC $crypt "Hello World!"]

# Show our encrypted key and encrypted text:
puts "Encrypted Key: $encryptedKey"
puts "Encrypted Text: $encryptedText"

# Assume we sent these strings to our partner...

# Here's what we do at the partner end:
set success [CkRsa_ImportPublicKey $rsa $xmlKey]

# First, decrypt the encryptedKey:
set bUsePrivateKey 1
set decryptedKey [CkRsa_decryptStringENC $rsa $encryptedKey $bUsePrivateKey]
puts "Decrypted Key: $decryptedKey"

# Set our crypt object's properties and secret key:
set crypt2 [new_CkCrypt2]

CkCrypt2_put_CryptAlgorithm $crypt2 "aes"
CkCrypt2_put_CipherMode $crypt2 "cbc"
CkCrypt2_put_KeyLength $crypt2 128
CkCrypt2_put_EncodingMode $crypt2 "base64"
CkCrypt2_SetEncodedKey $crypt2 $decryptedKey "hex"

# Decrypt the message:
set decryptedText [CkCrypt2_decryptStringENC $crypt2 $encryptedText]
puts "Decrypted Text: $decryptedText"

delete_CkRsa $rsa
delete_CkCrypt2 $crypt
delete_CkCrypt2 $crypt2

 

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