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(SQL Server) Bounced Email Handling

Demonstrates how to examine emails and detect which are bounced (automated) replies. Classifies each email according to the type of bounce.

Chilkat ActiveX Downloads

ActiveX for 32-bit and 64-bit Windows

CREATE PROCEDURE ChilkatSample
AS
BEGIN
    DECLARE @hr int
    DECLARE @iTmp0 int
    DECLARE @sTmp0 nvarchar(4000)
    -- This example requires the Chilkat API to have been previously unlocked.
    -- See Global Unlock Sample for sample code.

    DECLARE @bounce int
    EXEC @hr = sp_OACreate 'Chilkat_9_5_0.Bounce', @bounce OUT
    IF @hr <> 0
    BEGIN
        PRINT 'Failed to create ActiveX component'
        RETURN
    END

    -- The mailman object is used for receiving (POP3) 
    -- and sending (SMTP) email.
    DECLARE @mailman int
    EXEC @hr = sp_OACreate 'Chilkat_9_5_0.MailMan', @mailman OUT

    -- Set the POP3 server's hostname
    EXEC sp_OASetProperty @mailman, 'MailHost', 'mail.chilkatsoft.com'

    -- Set the POP3 login/password.
    EXEC sp_OASetProperty @mailman, 'PopUsername', 'myLogin'
    EXEC sp_OASetProperty @mailman, 'PopPassword', 'myPassword'

    -- Copy the all email from the user's POP3 mailbox 
    -- into a bundle object.  The email remains on the server.
    -- (There are other methods for deleting email from a POP3 server.)
    DECLARE @bundle int
    EXEC sp_OAMethod @mailman, 'CopyMail', @bundle OUT
    EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @mailman, 'LastMethodSuccess', @iTmp0 OUT
    IF @iTmp0 = 0
      BEGIN
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @mailman, 'LastErrorText', @sTmp0 OUT
        PRINT @sTmp0
        EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @bounce
        EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @mailman
        RETURN
      END

    DECLARE @i int
    SELECT @i = 0
    DECLARE @email int

    EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bundle, 'MessageCount', @iTmp0 OUT
    WHILE @i < @iTmp0
      BEGIN
        EXEC sp_OAMethod @bundle, 'GetEmail', @email OUT, @i

        DECLARE @success int
        EXEC sp_OAMethod @bounce, 'ExamineEmail', @success OUT, @email
        IF @success = 0
          BEGIN
            EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'LastErrorText', @sTmp0 OUT
            PRINT @sTmp0
            EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @bundle

            EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @bounce
            EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @mailman
            RETURN
          END

        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceType', @iTmp0 OUT
        IF @iTmp0 = 1
          BEGIN
            -- Hard bounce, log the email address

            EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceAddress', @sTmp0 OUT
            PRINT 'Hard Bounce: ' + @sTmp0
          END
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceType', @iTmp0 OUT
        IF @iTmp0 = 2
          BEGIN
            -- Soft bounce, log the email address

            EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceAddress', @sTmp0 OUT
            PRINT 'Soft Bounce: ' + @sTmp0
          END
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceType', @iTmp0 OUT
        IF @iTmp0 = 3
          BEGIN
            -- General bounce, no email address available.

            PRINT 'General Bounce: No email address'
          END
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceType', @iTmp0 OUT
        IF @iTmp0 = 4
          BEGIN
            -- General bounce, log the email address

            EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceAddress', @sTmp0 OUT
            PRINT 'General Bounce: ' + @sTmp0
          END
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceType', @iTmp0 OUT
        IF @iTmp0 = 5
          BEGIN
            -- Mail blocked, log the email address
            -- A bounce occured because the sender was blocked. 

            EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceAddress', @sTmp0 OUT
            PRINT 'Mail Blocked: ' + @sTmp0
          END
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceType', @iTmp0 OUT
        IF @iTmp0 = 6
          BEGIN
            -- Auto-reply, log the email address

            EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceAddress', @sTmp0 OUT
            PRINT 'Auto-Reply: ' + @sTmp0
          END
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceType', @iTmp0 OUT
        IF @iTmp0 = 7
          BEGIN
            -- Transient (recoverable) Failure, log the email address

            EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceAddress', @sTmp0 OUT
            PRINT 'Transient Failure: ' + @sTmp0
          END
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceType', @iTmp0 OUT
        IF @iTmp0 = 8
          BEGIN
            -- Subscribe request, log the email address

            EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceAddress', @sTmp0 OUT
            PRINT 'Subscribe Request: ' + @sTmp0
          END
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceType', @iTmp0 OUT
        IF @iTmp0 = 9
          BEGIN
            -- Unsubscribe Request, log the email address

            EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceAddress', @sTmp0 OUT
            PRINT 'Unsubscribe Request: ' + @sTmp0
          END
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceType', @iTmp0 OUT
        IF @iTmp0 = 10
          BEGIN
            -- Virus Notification, log the email address

            EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceAddress', @sTmp0 OUT
            PRINT 'Virus Notification: ' + @sTmp0
          END
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceType', @iTmp0 OUT
        IF @iTmp0 = 11
          BEGIN
            -- Suspected bounce.
            -- This should be rare.  It indicates that the Bounce
            -- component found strong evidence that this is a bounced
            -- email, but couldn't quite recognize everything it
            -- needed to be 100% sure.  Feel free to notify
            -- support@chilkatsoft.com regarding emails having this
            -- bounce type.

            PRINT 'Suspected Bounce!'
          END
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceType', @iTmp0 OUT
        IF @iTmp0 = 12
          BEGIN
            -- Challenge/Response - Auto-reply message sent by SPAM software 
            -- where only verified email addresses are accepted. 

            EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceAddress', @sTmp0 OUT
            PRINT 'Challenge: ' + @sTmp0
          END
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceType', @iTmp0 OUT
        IF @iTmp0 = 13
          BEGIN
            -- Address Change Notification Message.

            EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceAddress', @sTmp0 OUT
            PRINT 'Address Change: ' + @sTmp0
          END
        EXEC sp_OAGetProperty @bounce, 'BounceType', @iTmp0 OUT
        IF @iTmp0 = 14
          BEGIN
            -- Success DSN indicating that the message was successfully relayed.

            PRINT 'DSN Successful Relay: '
          END

        EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @email

        SELECT @i = @i + 1
      END

    EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @bundle

    EXEC sp_OAMethod @mailman, 'Pop3EndSession', @success OUT

    EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @bounce
    EXEC @hr = sp_OADestroy @mailman


END
GO

 

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