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Python Examples


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(Python) POP3: Download Most Recent Email (method 1)

How to ready the N most recent email from a POP3 server.

The POP3 protocol does not provide the ability to request the most recent email, nor does it provide the ability to download email based on read/unread status or any other criteria. The design principle behind POP3 is that it is a temporary holding store for incoming email and email clients or other applications will transfer email from the POP3 server to a local persistent store where it will be managed. Therefore, POP3 does not provide sophisticated functionality (as opposed to IMAP which has the opposite design philosophy: that email is maintained and organized on the server).

This example shows one possible way to retrieve the N most recent emails from a POP3 server. It downloads the headers into a bundle object, then sorts the bundle by date, and finally retrieves the most recent emails by UIDL.

Another alternative is to download the UIDL list and then assume that the 1st N UIDLs are the most recent.

Chilkat Python Downloads

Python Module for Windows, Linux, MAC OS X,
Solaris, FreeBSD, and ARM Embedded Linux

import sys
import chilkat

#  The mailman object is used for receiving (POP3)
#  and sending (SMTP) email.
mailman = chilkat.CkMailMan()

#  Any string argument automatically begins the 30-day trial.
success = mailman.UnlockComponent("30-day trial")
if (success != True):
    print(mailman.lastErrorText())
    sys.exit()

#  Set the POP3 server's hostname
mailman.put_MailHost("pop.someMailServer.com")

#  Set the POP3 login/password.
mailman.put_PopUsername("myLogin")
mailman.put_PopPassword("myPassword")

#  Read mail headers and one line of the body.
# bundle is a CkEmailBundle
bundle = mailman.GetAllHeaders(1)

if (bundle == None ):
    print(mailman.lastErrorText())
    sys.exit()

#  Sort the bundle by date
ascending = False
bundle.SortByDate(ascending)

#  Get the 10 most recent UIDLs
saUidls = chilkat.CkStringArray()

n = bundle.get_MessageCount()
if (n > 10):
    n = 10

for i in range(0,n):
    # email is a CkEmail
    email = bundle.GetEmail(i)
    success = saUidls.Append(email.uidl())

#  Download in full the 10 most recent emails:

# bundle2 is a CkEmailBundle
bundle2 = mailman.FetchMultiple(saUidls)
if (bundle2 == None ):
    print(mailman.lastErrorText())
    sys.exit()

for i in range(0,bundle2.get_MessageCount()):
    # email is a CkEmail
    email = bundle2.GetEmail(i)
    print(email.ck_from())
    print(email.subject())
    print("----")


 

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