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(PowerBuilder) Verify Signature of Alexa Custom Skill Request

This example verifies the signature of an Alexa Custom Skill Request.

Chilkat ActiveX Downloads

ActiveX for 32-bit and 64-bit Windows

integer li_rc
string ls_Signature
string ls_CertChainUrl
string ls_JsonBody
oleobject loo_Http
oleobject loo_SbPem
integer li_Success
oleobject loo_Pem
oleobject loo_Cert
oleobject loo_PubKey
oleobject loo_Rsa
integer li_BVerified

// This example assumes you have a web service that will receive requests from Alexa.
// A sample request sent by Alexa will look like the following:

// Connection: Keep-Alive
// Content-Length: 2583
// Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8
// Accept: application/json
// Accept-Charset: utf-8
// Host: your.web.server.com
// User-Agent: Apache-HttpClient/4.5.x (Java/1.8.0_172)
// Signature: dSUmPwxc9...aKAf8mpEXg==
// SignatureCertChainUrl: https://s3.amazonaws.com/echo.api/echo-api-cert-6-ats.pem
// 
// {"version":"1.0","session":{"new":true,"sessionId":"amzn1.echo-api.session.433 ... }}

// First, assume we've written code to get the 3 pieces of data we need:
ls_Signature = "dSUmPwxc9...aKAf8mpEXg=="
ls_CertChainUrl = "https://s3.amazonaws.com/echo.api/echo-api-cert-6-ats.pem"
ls_JsonBody = "{\"version\":\"1.0\",\"session\":{\"new\":true,\"sessionId\":\"amzn1.echo-api.session.433 ... }}"

// To validate the signature, we do the following:

// First, download the PEM-encoded X.509 certificate chain that Alexa used to sign the message 
loo_Http = create oleobject
li_rc = loo_Http.ConnectToNewObject("Chilkat_9_5_0.Http")
if li_rc < 0 then
    destroy loo_Http
    MessageBox("Error","Connecting to COM object failed")
    return
end if
loo_SbPem = create oleobject
li_rc = loo_SbPem.ConnectToNewObject("Chilkat_9_5_0.StringBuilder")

li_Success = loo_Http.QuickGetSb(ls_CertChainUrl,loo_SbPem)
if li_Success = 0 then
    Write-Debug loo_Http.LastErrorText
    destroy loo_Http
    destroy loo_SbPem
    return
end if

loo_Pem = create oleobject
li_rc = loo_Pem.ConnectToNewObject("Chilkat_9_5_0.Pem")

li_Success = loo_Pem.LoadPem(loo_SbPem.GetAsString(),"passwordNotUsed")
if li_Success = 0 then
    Write-Debug loo_Pem.LastErrorText
    destroy loo_Http
    destroy loo_SbPem
    destroy loo_Pem
    return
end if

// The 1st certificate should be the signing certificate.
loo_Cert = loo_Pem.GetCert(0)
if loo_Pem.LastMethodSuccess = 0 then
    Write-Debug loo_Pem.LastErrorText
    destroy loo_Http
    destroy loo_SbPem
    destroy loo_Pem
    return
end if

// Get the public key from the cert.
loo_PubKey = loo_Cert.ExportPublicKey()
if loo_Cert.LastMethodSuccess = 0 then
    Write-Debug loo_Cert.LastErrorText
    destroy loo_Cert
    destroy loo_Http
    destroy loo_SbPem
    destroy loo_Pem
    return
end if

destroy loo_Cert

// Use the public key extracted from the signing certificate to decrypt the encrypted signature to produce the asserted hash value.
loo_Rsa = create oleobject
li_rc = loo_Rsa.ConnectToNewObject("Chilkat_9_5_0.Rsa")

li_Success = loo_Rsa.ImportPublicKeyObj(loo_PubKey)
if li_Success = 0 then
    Write-Debug loo_Cert.LastErrorText
    destroy loo_PubKey
    destroy loo_Http
    destroy loo_SbPem
    destroy loo_Pem
    destroy loo_Rsa
    return
end if

destroy loo_PubKey

// RSA "decrypt" the signature.
// (Amazon's documentation is confusing, because we're simply verifiying the signature against the SHA-1 hash
// of the request body.  This happens in a single call to VerifyStringENC...)
loo_Rsa.EncodingMode = "base64"
li_BVerified = loo_Rsa.VerifyStringENC(ls_JsonBody,"sha1",ls_Signature)
if li_BVerified = 1 then
    Write-Debug "The signature is verified against the JSON body of the request. Yay!"
else
    Write-Debug "Sorry, not verified.  Crud!"
end if



destroy loo_Http
destroy loo_SbPem
destroy loo_Pem
destroy loo_Rsa

 

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