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(PowerBuilder) Box.com OAuth2 with JSON Web Tokens

Demonstrates how to obtain an OAuth2 access token using a JSON Web Token. The following explanation is copied from Box Authentication Models

OAuth2 with JSON Web Tokens enables an application to connect directly to Box and obtain authorization to access files and folders without requiring users to log in. Using OAuth2 with JSON Web Tokens an application can provide Box features without users even being aware that Box exists.

Instead of requiring the user to log in to Box, the application generates JSON Web Token (JWT) verified by an RSA keypair. If this authentication succeeds then the application obtains an access token that grants authorization to operate on Box files and folders. This machine-to-machine authentication replaces the first leg of the three-legged authentication process defined by OAuth2, and enables users of your application to work with Box content without seeing Box login requests.

OAuth2 with JSON Web Tokens is designed to be used with Box Platform. You can use OAuth2 with JWT with both Service Accounts and App Users.

Chilkat ActiveX Downloads

ActiveX for 32-bit and 64-bit Windows

integer li_rc
oleobject loo_JsonRsaKey
integer li_Success
string ls_Passphrase
string ls_PrivateKeyPem
oleobject loo_RsaKey
oleobject loo_Jwt
oleobject loo_Jose
oleobject loo_Claims
oleobject loo_Prng
oleobject loo_Rest
integer li_BAutoReconnect
string ls_JsonResponse
oleobject loo_JResponse
string ls_AccessToken

//  This requires the Chilkat API to have been previously unlocked.
//  See Global Unlock Sample for sample code.

//  When you created an RSA key pair using the Box web user interface,
//  you downloaded a json file named something like "7152782_kkdxptq2_config.json"
//  This contains the following:

//  {
//    "boxAppSettings": {
//      "clientID": "0kraci84o0jfr7yuw596tf394iigzbe7",
//      "clientSecret": "xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx",
//      "appAuth": {
//        "publicKeyID": "kkdxptq2",
//        "privateKey": "-----BEGIN ENCRYPTED PRIVATE KEY-----\nMIIFDj ... nceU=\n-----END ENCRYPTED PRIVATE KEY-----\n",
//        "passphrase": "xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx"
//      }
//    },
//    "enterpriseID": "7152782"
//  }
// 

//  Load it into a Chilkat JSON object to allow access to the content.
loo_JsonRsaKey = create oleobject
li_rc = loo_JsonRsaKey.ConnectToNewObject("Chilkat_9_5_0.JsonObject")
if li_rc < 0 then
    destroy loo_JsonRsaKey
    MessageBox("Error","Connecting to COM object failed")
    return
end if
li_Success = loo_JsonRsaKey.LoadFile("qa_data/tokens/7152782_kkdxptq2_config.json")

//  Load the private key into a Chilkat private key object.
ls_Passphrase = loo_JsonRsaKey.StringOf("boxAppSettings.appAuth.passphrase")
ls_PrivateKeyPem = loo_JsonRsaKey.StringOf("boxAppSettings.appAuth.privateKey")

loo_RsaKey = create oleobject
li_rc = loo_RsaKey.ConnectToNewObject("Chilkat_9_5_0.PrivateKey")

li_Success = loo_RsaKey.LoadEncryptedPem(ls_PrivateKeyPem,ls_Passphrase)
if li_Success <> 1 then
    Write-Debug loo_RsaKey.LastErrorText
    destroy loo_JsonRsaKey
    destroy loo_RsaKey
    return
end if

//  The JSON Web Token will be created using the JWT class
loo_Jwt = create oleobject
li_rc = loo_Jwt.ConnectToNewObject("Chilkat_9_5_0.Jwt")

//  Construct the JOSE header...
loo_Jose = create oleobject
li_rc = loo_Jose.ConnectToNewObject("Chilkat_9_5_0.JsonObject")

//  Chilkat supports the following algorithms: "RS256", "RS384", and "RS512".  (Chilkat also supports other algorithms that Box does not yet support.)
loo_Jose.UpdateString("alg","RS256")
loo_Jose.UpdateString("typ","JWT")
loo_Jose.UpdateString("kid",loo_JsonRsaKey.StringOf("boxAppSettings.appAuth.publicKeyID"))

//  Now let's build the JWT claims. Most of this is just boilerplate (i.e. the same every time..)
//  The JWT claims contain these required and optional elements:

//  iss (required, String)  The Client ID of the service that created the JWT assertion.
//  sub (required, String)  enterprise_id for a token specific to an enterprise when creating and managing app users, or the app user_id for a token specific to an individual app user.
//  box_sub_type (required, String)  "enterprise" or "user" depending on the type of token being requested in the sub claim.
//  aud (required, String) Always "https://api.box.com/oauth2/token" for OAuth2 token requests
//  jti (required, String) A universally unique identifier specified by the client for this JWT. This is a unique string that is at least 16 characters and at most 128 characters.
//  exp (required, NumericDate) The unix time as to when this JWT will expire. This can be set to a maximum value of 60 seconds beyond the issue time. Note: It is recommended to set this value to less than the maximum allowed 60 seconds.
//  iat (optional, NumericDate) Issued at time. The token cannot be used before this time.
//  nbf (optional, NumericDate) Not before. Specifies when the token will start being valid.
// 

loo_Claims = create oleobject
li_rc = loo_Claims.ConnectToNewObject("Chilkat_9_5_0.JsonObject")

loo_Claims.UpdateString("iss",loo_JsonRsaKey.StringOf("boxAppSettings.clientID"))
loo_Claims.UpdateString("sub",loo_JsonRsaKey.StringOf("enterpriseID"))
loo_Claims.UpdateString("box_sub_type","enterprise")
loo_Claims.UpdateString("aud","https://api.box.com/oauth2/token")

//  Generate 32 random bytes (base64 encoded) for the "jti"
loo_Prng = create oleobject
li_rc = loo_Prng.ConnectToNewObject("Chilkat_9_5_0.Prng")

loo_Claims.UpdateString("jti",loo_Prng.GenRandom(32,"base64"))

//  Set the expiration time to 60 seconds after the current time.
loo_Claims.UpdateInt("exp",loo_Jwt.GenNumericDate(60))

//  We're going to do the following POST to get a JSON response that contains our OAuth2 access token:

//  	POST /oauth2/token
//  	Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded
//  	grant_type=urn:ietf:params:oauth:grant-type:jwt-bearer&
//  	assertion=<JWT>&
//  	client_id=<client_id>&
//  	client_secret=<client_secret>

//  First, make the initial connection.
//  A single REST object, once connected, can be used for many Box REST API calls.
//  The auto-reconnect indicates that if the already-established HTTPS connection is closed,
//  then it will be automatically re-established as needed.
loo_Rest = create oleobject
li_rc = loo_Rest.ConnectToNewObject("Chilkat_9_5_0.Rest")

li_BAutoReconnect = 1
li_Success = loo_Rest.Connect("api.box.com",443,1,li_BAutoReconnect)
if li_Success <> 1 then
    Write-Debug loo_Rest.LastErrorText
    destroy loo_JsonRsaKey
    destroy loo_RsaKey
    destroy loo_Jwt
    destroy loo_Jose
    destroy loo_Claims
    destroy loo_Prng
    destroy loo_Rest
    return
end if

//  Add the query params.
//  Calling ClearAllParts is wise if previous requests were sent prior to this one on the same REST object..
loo_Rest.ClearAllParts()
loo_Rest.AddQueryParam("grant_type","urn:ietf:params:oauth:grant-type:jwt-bearer")
loo_Rest.AddQueryParam("client_id",loo_JsonRsaKey.StringOf("boxAppSettings.clientID"))
loo_Rest.AddQueryParam("client_secret",loo_JsonRsaKey.StringOf("boxAppSettings.clientSecret"))
loo_Rest.AddQueryParam("assertion",loo_Jwt.CreateJwtPk(loo_Jose.Emit(),loo_Claims.Emit(),loo_RsaKey))

ls_JsonResponse = loo_Rest.FullRequestFormUrlEncoded("POST","/oauth2/token")
if loo_Rest.LastMethodSuccess <> 1 then
    Write-Debug loo_Rest.LastErrorText
    destroy loo_JsonRsaKey
    destroy loo_RsaKey
    destroy loo_Jwt
    destroy loo_Jose
    destroy loo_Claims
    destroy loo_Prng
    destroy loo_Rest
    return
end if

//  If successful, we'll get a response status code equal to 200,
//  and a JSON response that looks like this:

//  	{
//  	   "access_token": "mNr1FrCvOeWiGnwLL0OcTL0Lux5jbyBa",
//  	   "expires_in": 4169,
//  	   "restricted_to": [],
//  	   "token_type": "bearer"
//  	}
// 

loo_JResponse = create oleobject
li_rc = loo_JResponse.ConnectToNewObject("Chilkat_9_5_0.JsonObject")

loo_JResponse.EmitCompact = 0
loo_JResponse.Load(ls_JsonResponse)

if loo_Rest.ResponseStatusCode <> 200 then
    Write-Debug loo_JResponse.Emit()
    Write-Debug "Failed."
    destroy loo_JsonRsaKey
    destroy loo_RsaKey
    destroy loo_Jwt
    destroy loo_Jose
    destroy loo_Claims
    destroy loo_Prng
    destroy loo_Rest
    destroy loo_JResponse
    return
end if

//  Get the access token:
ls_AccessToken = loo_JResponse.StringOf("access_token")
Write-Debug "Access token, valid for 60 minutes: " + ls_AccessToken


destroy loo_JsonRsaKey
destroy loo_RsaKey
destroy loo_Jwt
destroy loo_Jose
destroy loo_Claims
destroy loo_Prng
destroy loo_Rest
destroy loo_JResponse

 

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