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(Perl) Tips on Matching Encryption with another System

This example provides tips on matching encryption results produced by another system.

Chilkat Perl Downloads

Perl Module for Windows, Linux, Alpine Linux,
MAC OS X, Solaris, FreeBSD, OpenBSD,
Raspberry Pi and other single board computers

use chilkat();

# This example assumes the Chilkat API to have been previously unlocked.
# See Global Unlock Sample for sample code.

$crypt = chilkat::CkCrypt2->new();

# Let's examine 256-bit AES encryption in CBC mode.
# CBC mode is Cipher Block Chaining, and it uses an IV (initialization vector)
$crypt->put_CryptAlgorithm("aes");
$crypt->put_CipherMode("cbc");
$crypt->put_KeyLength(256);
$crypt->put_PaddingScheme(0);
$ivHex1 = "000102030405060708090A0B0C0D0E0F";
$ivHex2 = "FF0102030405060708090A0B0C0D0E0F";
$crypt->SetEncodedIV($ivHex1,"hex");
$keyHex = "000102030405060708090A0B0C0D0E0F101112131415161718191A1B1C1D1E1F";
$crypt->SetEncodedKey($keyHex,"hex");

# Matching encryption requires all of the above settings to be matched exactly.
# Let's get our output in hex format so we can easily see the values of the encrypted bytes.
$crypt->put_EncodingMode("hex");

# Encrypt something small:
print $crypt->encryptStringENC("Hello") . "\r\n";
# The result is 5B827AB3B4F9F2292C2B74C8A6C99A3D
# This 16 bytes -- exactly one AES encryption block.

# Let's change only the padding scheme.
$crypt->put_PaddingScheme(3);

# Encrypt again:
print $crypt->encryptStringENC("Hello") . "\r\n";
# The result is entirely different: 469C28CC576069F807891FEE2DE76D68

# The padding scheme only affects the very last block of output.  Therefore,
# if all settings match except for the padding scheme, we're unable to
# know if we encrypt a very small amount of data. However, if we encrypt
# a larger amount of data, the single difference becomes apparent:
print "-- Only the padding scheme differs --" . "\r\n";
$crypt->put_PaddingScheme(0);
print $crypt->encryptStringENC("HelloHelloHelloHelloHelloHelloHello") . "\r\n";
$crypt->put_PaddingScheme(3);
print $crypt->encryptStringENC("HelloHelloHelloHelloHelloHelloHello") . "\r\n";

# Now examine the outputs:
# F6A201F8E0B6595FA20E4A212A2AD9A5046DAF29E8B35AD15CEE56A1A69F2A3A7B347A7C15E26E7A6760533C7A8E0D44
# F6A201F8E0B6595FA20E4A212A2AD9A5046DAF29E8B35AD15CEE56A1A69F2A3A292CA61D03A85E1AC39B50D4DA71691E
# We can see the output matches except for the last block, which is affected by the padding scheme.

# If we are able to easily use ECB mode w/ the other system
# we are trying to match, then eliminate the IV from the picture.
# If the encryption matches in ECB mode, but not in CBC mode,
# then we know all correct except for the IV.
# For example, you can see how the IV changes everything with CBC mode,
# but it's not used in ECB mode:
$crypt->put_PaddingScheme(0);
$crypt->put_CipherMode("cbc");
print "-- Only the IV differs, CBC mode produces different output. --" . "\r\n";
$crypt->SetEncodedIV($ivHex1,"hex");
print $crypt->encryptStringENC("HelloHelloHelloHelloHelloHelloHello") . "\r\n";
$crypt->SetEncodedIV($ivHex2,"hex");
print $crypt->encryptStringENC("HelloHelloHelloHelloHelloHelloHello") . "\r\n";

$crypt->put_CipherMode("ecb");
print "-- Only the IV differs, ECB does not use the IV.  The outputs are the same. --" . "\r\n";
$crypt->SetEncodedIV($ivHex1,"hex");
print $crypt->encryptStringENC("HelloHelloHelloHelloHelloHelloHello") . "\r\n";
$crypt->SetEncodedIV($ivHex2,"hex");
print $crypt->encryptStringENC("HelloHelloHelloHelloHelloHelloHello") . "\r\n";

# If we can eliminate the padding scheme and IV from the degrees of freedom,
# then the only remaining likely differences are (1) the secret key,
# and (2) the input data itself.

# The secret key is composed of binary bytes of exactly KeyLength bits.
# For 256-bit AES encrytion, the key length is 256, and therefore the 
# secret key is exactly 32 bytes.  (32 * 8 bits/byte = 256 bits)
# If the secret key is derived from an arbitrary password string, then one must
# exactly duplicate the derivation scheme (such as PBKDF2, for example)
# The input bytes to the derivation scheme must also match.  For example,
# is it the utf-8 byte representation of the password string that is used
# as the starting point for the derivation, or perhaps utf-16, or ANSI (1 byte per char)?

# Likewise, if the data being encrypted is a string, what byte representation of
# the string is being encrypted?  If the bytes presented to the encryptor are different,
# then the output is different.

 

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