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(Go) Efficiently Process a Huge XML File

Demonstrates a technique for processing a huge XML file (can be any size, even many gigabytes).

Note: This example requires Chilkat v9.5.0.80 or greater.

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    // This example shows a way to efficiently process a gigantic XML file -- one that may be too large
    // to fit in memory.  
    // 
    // Two types of XML parsers exist: DOM parsers and SAX parsers.

    // A DOM parser is a Document Object Model parser, where the entire XML is loaded into memory
    // and the application has the luxury of interacting with the XML in a convenient, random-access
    // way.  The Chilkat Xml class is a DOM parser.  Because the entire XML is loaded into memory,
    // huge XML files (on the order of gigabytes) are usually not loadable for memory constraints.

    // A SAX parser is such that the XML file is parsed as an input stream.  No DOM exists.  
    // Using a SAX parser is generally less palatable than using a DOM parser, for many reasons.
    // 
    // The technique described here is a hybrid.  It streams the XML file as unstructured text
    // to extract fragments that are individually treated as separate XML documents loaded into
    // the Chilkat Xml parser.
    // 
    // For example, imagine your XML file is several GBs in size, but has a relatively simple structure, such as:
    // 
    // <Transactions>
    //     <Transaction id="1">
    //          ...
    //     </Transaction>
    //     <Transaction id="2">
    //          ...
    //     </Transaction>
    //     <Transaction id="3">
    //          ...
    //     </Transaction>
    // ...
    // </Transactions>

    // In the following code, each <Transaction ...> ... </Transaction>
    // is extracted and loaded separately into an Xml object, where it can be manipulated
    // independently.  The entire XML file is never entirely loaded into memory.

    fac := chilkat.NewFileAccess()

    success := fac.OpenForRead("qa_data/xml/transactions.xml")
    if success == false {
        fmt.Println(fac.LastErrorText())
        fac.DisposeFileAccess()
        return
    }

    xml := chilkat.NewXml()
    sb := chilkat.NewStringBuilder()
    firstIteration := true
    retval := 1
    numTransactions := 0

    // The begin marker is "XML tag aware".  If the begin marker begins with "<"
    // and ends with ">", then it is assumed to be an XML tag and it will also match
    // substrings where the ">" can be a whitespace char.
    beginMarker := "<Transaction>"
    endMarker := "</Transaction>"

    for retval == 1 {
        sb.Clear()
        // The retval can have the following values:
        // 0: No more fragments exist.
        // 1: Captured the next fragment.  The text from beginMarker to endMarker, including the markers, are returned in sb.
        // -1: Error.
        retval = fac.ReadNextFragment(firstIteration,beginMarker,endMarker,"utf-8",sb)
        firstIteration = false

        if retval == 1 {
            numTransactions = numTransactions + 1
            success = xml.LoadSb(sb,true)
            // Your application may now do what it needs with this particular XML fragment...
        }

    }

    if retval < 0 {
        fmt.Println(fac.LastErrorText())
    }

    fmt.Println("numTransactions: ", numTransactions)

    fac.DisposeFileAccess()
    xml.DisposeXml()
    sb.DisposeStringBuilder()

 

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