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(Delphi DLL) Quickbooks OAuth2 in a Desktop App

Demonstrates how to get a QuickBooks OAuth2 access token from a desktop application or script.

Chilkat for Delphi Downloads

Chilkat non-ActiveX DLL for Delphi

Chilkat ActiveX DLL for Delphi

* The examples here use the non-ActiveX DLL.

uses
    Winapi.Windows, Winapi.Messages, System.SysUtils, System.Variants, System.Classes, Vcl.Graphics,
    Vcl.Controls, Vcl.Forms, Vcl.Dialogs, Vcl.StdCtrls, OAuth2, StringBuilder;

...

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
var
oauth2: HCkOAuth2;
success: Boolean;
url: PWideChar;
numMsWaited: Integer;
sbJson: HCkStringBuilder;

begin
// It requires the Chilkat API to have been previously unlocked.
// See Global Unlock Sample for sample code.

oauth2 := CkOAuth2_Create();

// QuickBooks OAuth2 allows for an "http://localhost:<portNumber>/" callback URL for sandbox testing,
// but not for production.
// For a desktop app, you must provide a script on your web server to redirect to "http://localhost/<portNumber>"
// It can be written in C#, PHP, or whatever desired.  It must include the query string in the redirection.
// For example, in PHP your script would look like this:

// <?php
//   header( 'Location: http://localhost:3017?' . $_SERVER['QUERY_STRING'] );
// ?>

CkOAuth2_putAppCallbackUrl(oauth2,'https://yourwebserver.com/OAuth2.php');
CkOAuth2_putListenPort(oauth2,3017);

CkOAuth2_putAuthorizationEndpoint(oauth2,'https://appcenter.intuit.com/connect/oauth2');
CkOAuth2_putTokenEndpoint(oauth2,'https://oauth.platform.intuit.com/oauth2/v1/tokens/bearer');

// Replace these with actual values.
CkOAuth2_putClientId(oauth2,'QUICKBOOKS-CLIENT-ID');
CkOAuth2_putClientSecret(oauth2,'QUICKBOOKS-CLIENT-SECRET');
CkOAuth2_putUseBasicAuth(oauth2,True);
CkOAuth2_putCodeChallenge(oauth2,False);

// Indicate the desired access.  Possible scopes that can appear in the list are:
// com.intuit.quickbooks.accounting:  QuickBooks Online API
// com.intuit.quickbooks.payment:  QuickBooks Payments API
// openid:  OpenID Connect processing
// profile:  user's given and family names
// email:  user's email address
// phone:  user's phone number
// address:  user's physical address
CkOAuth2_putScope(oauth2,'com.intuit.quickbooks.accounting');

// Begin the OAuth2 three-legged flow.  This returns a URL that should be loaded in a browser.
url := CkOAuth2__startAuth(oauth2);
if (CkOAuth2_getLastMethodSuccess(oauth2) <> True) then
  begin
    Memo1.Lines.Add(CkOAuth2__lastErrorText(oauth2));
    Exit;
  end;

Memo1.Lines.Add('url = ' + url);

// At this point, your application should load the URL in a browser.
// For example, 
// in C#: System.Diagnostics.Process.Start(url);
// in Java: Desktop.getDesktop().browse(new URI(url));
// in VBScript: Set wsh=WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
//              wsh.Run url
// The QuickBooks account owner would interactively accept or deny the authorization request.

// Add the code to load the url in a web browser here...
// Add the code to load the url in a web browser here...
// Add the code to load the url in a web browser here...

// Now wait for the authorization.
// We'll wait for a max of 60 seconds.
numMsWaited := 0;
while (numMsWaited < 60000) and (CkOAuth2_getAuthFlowState(oauth2) < 3) do
  begin
    CkOAuth2_SleepMs(oauth2,100);
    numMsWaited := numMsWaited + 100;
  end;

// If there was no response from the browser within 60 seconds, then 
// the AuthFlowState will be equal to 1 or 2.
// 1: Waiting for Redirect. The OAuth2 background thread is waiting to receive the redirect HTTP request from the browser.
// 2: Waiting for Final Response. The OAuth2 background thread is waiting for the final access token response.
// In that case, cancel the background task started in the call to StartAuth.
if (CkOAuth2_getAuthFlowState(oauth2) < 3) then
  begin
    CkOAuth2_Cancel(oauth2);
    Memo1.Lines.Add('No response from the browser!');
    Exit;
  end;

// Check the AuthFlowState to see if authorization was granted, denied, or if some error occurred
// The possible AuthFlowState values are:
// 3: Completed with Success. The OAuth2 flow has completed, the background thread exited, and the successful JSON response is available in AccessTokenResponse property.
// 4: Completed with Access Denied. The OAuth2 flow has completed, the background thread exited, and the error JSON is available in AccessTokenResponse property.
// 5: Failed Prior to Completion. The OAuth2 flow failed to complete, the background thread exited, and the error information is available in the FailureInfo property.
if (CkOAuth2_getAuthFlowState(oauth2) = 5) then
  begin
    Memo1.Lines.Add('OAuth2 failed to complete.');
    Memo1.Lines.Add(CkOAuth2__failureInfo(oauth2));
    Exit;
  end;

if (CkOAuth2_getAuthFlowState(oauth2) = 4) then
  begin
    Memo1.Lines.Add('OAuth2 authorization was denied.');
    Memo1.Lines.Add(CkOAuth2__accessTokenResponse(oauth2));
    Exit;
  end;

if (CkOAuth2_getAuthFlowState(oauth2) <> 3) then
  begin
    Memo1.Lines.Add('Unexpected AuthFlowState:' + IntToStr(CkOAuth2_getAuthFlowState(oauth2)));
    Exit;
  end;

// Save the full JSON access token response to a file.
sbJson := CkStringBuilder_Create();
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJson,CkOAuth2__accessTokenResponse(oauth2));
CkStringBuilder_WriteFile(sbJson,'qa_data/tokens/qb-access-token.json','utf-8',False);

// The full JSON received looks like this:
// {
//   "expires_in": 3600,
//   "x_refresh_token_expires_in": 8726400,
//   "refresh_token": "L011546037639r ... 3vR2DrbOmg0Sdagw",
//   "access_token": "eyJlbmMiOiJBMTI4Q0 ... oETJEMbeggg",
//   "token_type": "bearer"
// }

Memo1.Lines.Add('OAuth2 authorization granted!');
Memo1.Lines.Add('Access Token = ' + CkOAuth2__accessToken(oauth2));

CkOAuth2_Dispose(oauth2);
CkStringBuilder_Dispose(sbJson);

end;

 

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