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(Delphi DLL) JWE Using General JWE JSON Serialization

This example duplicates the example A.4 in RFC 7516 for JSON Web Encryption (JWE).

This example demonstrates the capability for encrypting the same plaintext to multiple recipients. Two recipients are present in this example.

Note: This example requires Chilkat v9.5.0.66 or greater.

Chilkat for Delphi Downloads

Chilkat non-ActiveX DLL for Delphi

Chilkat ActiveX DLL for Delphi

* The examples here use the non-ActiveX DLL.

uses
    Winapi.Windows, Winapi.Messages, System.SysUtils, System.Variants, System.Classes, Vcl.Graphics,
    Vcl.Controls, Vcl.Forms, Vcl.Dialogs, Vcl.StdCtrls, Jwe, StringBuilder, PrivateKey, PublicKey, JsonObject;

...

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
var
success: Boolean;
plaintext: PWideChar;
jwe: HCkJwe;
jweProtHdr: HCkJsonObject;
jweRecipientHdr1: HCkJsonObject;
recipientIndex: Integer;
jweRecipientHdr2: HCkJsonObject;
jweUnprotHdr: HCkJsonObject;
sbJwk: HCkStringBuilder;
rsaPrivKey: HCkPrivateKey;
rsaPubKey: HCkPublicKey;
aesWrappingKey: PWideChar;
strJwe: PWideChar;
jsonTemp: HCkJsonObject;
jwe2: HCkJwe;
caseSensitive: Boolean;
originalPlaintext: PWideChar;
sbJwe: HCkStringBuilder;

begin
//  This requires the Chilkat API to have been previously unlocked.
//  See Global Unlock Sample for sample code.

//  Note: This example requires Chilkat v9.5.0.66 or greater.

plaintext := 'Live long and prosper.';

jwe := CkJwe_Create();

//  First build the JWE Protected Header: {"enc":"A128CBC-HS256"}
jweProtHdr := CkJsonObject_Create();
CkJsonObject_AppendString(jweProtHdr,'enc','A128CBC-HS256');
CkJwe_SetProtectedHeader(jwe,jweProtHdr);

//  The first recipient uses the RSAES-PKCS1-v1_5 algorithm to encrypt
//  the CEK.  The second uses AES Key Wrap to encrypt the CEK.  Key ID
//  values are supplied for both keys.  The two JWE Per-Recipient
//  Unprotected Header values used to represent these algorithms and key
//  IDs are:
// 
//       {"alg":"RSA1_5","kid":"2011-04-29"}
// 
//  and
// 
//       {"alg":"A128KW","kid":"7"}

jweRecipientHdr1 := CkJsonObject_Create();
CkJsonObject_AppendString(jweRecipientHdr1,'alg','RSA1_5');
CkJsonObject_AppendString(jweRecipientHdr1,'kid','2011-04-29');
recipientIndex := 0;
CkJwe_SetRecipientHeader(jwe,recipientIndex,jweRecipientHdr1);

jweRecipientHdr2 := CkJsonObject_Create();
CkJsonObject_AppendString(jweRecipientHdr2,'alg','A128KW');
CkJsonObject_AppendString(jweRecipientHdr2,'kid','7');
recipientIndex := 1;
CkJwe_SetRecipientHeader(jwe,recipientIndex,jweRecipientHdr2);

//  Set the Shared Unprotected Header:  {"jku":"https://server.example.com/keys.jwks"}
jweUnprotHdr := CkJsonObject_Create();
CkJsonObject_AppendString(jweUnprotHdr,'jku','https://server.example.com/keys.jwks');
CkJwe_SetUnprotectedHeader(jwe,jweUnprotHdr);

//  Note: The intent of specifying a "kid" (an acronym for "Key ID") is that
//  the software would somehow download the keys.jwks from https://server.example.com/keys.jwks,
//  and would select the key (whatever format it may be, such as RSA, or an AES key wrap key, etc.),
//  and then automatically use it.

//  This example keeps the "kid" and "jku" in their respective headers, but does not actually fetch
//  the keys from some URL.  We'll just provide the keys directly..

//  Recipient 0 uses this RSA key:
sbJwk := CkStringBuilder_Create();
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'{"kty":"RSA",');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'"n":"sXchDaQebHnPiGvyDOAT4saGEUetSyo9MKLOoWFsueri23bOdgWp4Dy1Wl');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'UzewbgBHod5pcM9H95GQRV3JDXboIRROSBigeC5yjU1hGzHHyXss8UDpre');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'cbAYxknTcQkhslANGRUZmdTOQ5qTRsLAt6BTYuyvVRdhS8exSZEy_c4gs_');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'7svlJJQ4H9_NxsiIoLwAEk7-Q3UXERGYw_75IDrGA84-lA_-Ct4eTlXHBI');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'Y2EaV7t7LjJaynVJCpkv4LKjTTAumiGUIuQhrNhZLuF_RJLqHpM2kgWFLU');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'7-VTdL1VbC2tejvcI2BlMkEpk1BzBZI0KQB0GaDWFLN-aEAw3vRw",');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'"e":"AQAB",');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'"d":"VFCWOqXr8nvZNyaaJLXdnNPXZKRaWCjkU5Q2egQQpTBMwhprMzWzpR8Sxq');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'1OPThh_J6MUD8Z35wky9b8eEO0pwNS8xlh1lOFRRBoNqDIKVOku0aZb-ry');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'nq8cxjDTLZQ6Fz7jSjR1Klop-YKaUHc9GsEofQqYruPhzSA-QgajZGPbE_');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'0ZaVDJHfyd7UUBUKunFMScbflYAAOYJqVIVwaYR5zWEEceUjNnTNo_CVSj');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'-VvXLO5VZfCUAVLgW4dpf1SrtZjSt34YLsRarSb127reG_DUwg9Ch-Kyvj');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'T1SkHgUWRVGcyly7uvVGRSDwsXypdrNinPA4jlhoNdizK2zF2CWQ",');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'"p":"9gY2w6I6S6L0juEKsbeDAwpd9WMfgqFoeA9vEyEUuk4kLwBKcoe1x4HG68');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'ik918hdDSE9vDQSccA3xXHOAFOPJ8R9EeIAbTi1VwBYnbTp87X-xcPWlEP');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'krdoUKW60tgs1aNd_Nnc9LEVVPMS390zbFxt8TN_biaBgelNgbC95sM",');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'"q":"uKlCKvKv_ZJMVcdIs5vVSU_6cPtYI1ljWytExV_skstvRSNi9r66jdd9-y');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'BhVfuG4shsp2j7rGnIio901RBeHo6TPKWVVykPu1iYhQXw1jIABfw-MVsN');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'-3bQ76WLdt2SDxsHs7q7zPyUyHXmps7ycZ5c72wGkUwNOjYelmkiNS0",');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'"dp":"w0kZbV63cVRvVX6yk3C8cMxo2qCM4Y8nsq1lmMSYhG4EcL6FWbX5h9yuv');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'ngs4iLEFk6eALoUS4vIWEwcL4txw9LsWH_zKI-hwoReoP77cOdSL4AVcra');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'Hawlkpyd2TWjE5evgbhWtOxnZee3cXJBkAi64Ik6jZxbvk-RR3pEhnCs",');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'"dq":"o_8V14SezckO6CNLKs_btPdFiO9_kC1DsuUTd2LAfIIVeMZ7jn1Gus_Ff');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'7B7IVx3p5KuBGOVF8L-qifLb6nQnLysgHDh132NDioZkhH7mI7hPG-PYE_');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'odApKdnqECHWw0J-F0JWnUd6D2B_1TvF9mXA2Qx-iGYn8OVV1Bsmp6qU",');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'"qi":"eNho5yRBEBxhGBtQRww9QirZsB66TrfFReG_CcteI1aCneT0ELGhYlRlC');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'tUkTRclIfuEPmNsNDPbLoLqqCVznFbvdB7x-Tl-m0l_eFTj2KiqwGqE9PZ');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'B9nNTwMVvH3VRRSLWACvPnSiwP8N5Usy-WRXS-V7TbpxIhvepTfE0NNo"');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwk,'}');

//  Load this JWK into a Chilkat private key object.
rsaPrivKey := CkPrivateKey_Create();
success := CkPrivateKey_LoadJwk(rsaPrivKey,CkStringBuilder__getAsString(sbJwk));
if (success <> True) then
  begin
    Memo1.Lines.Add(CkPrivateKey__lastErrorText(rsaPrivKey));
    Exit;
  end;

//  Get the public key for encryption.  (The RSA private key is used for decryption.)
rsaPubKey := CkPrivateKey_GetPublicKey(rsaPrivKey);
recipientIndex := 0;
CkJwe_SetPublicKey(jwe,recipientIndex,rsaPubKey);
CkPublicKey_Dispose(rsaPubKey);

//  Recipient 1 uses AES Key Wrap
aesWrappingKey := 'GawgguFyGrWKav7AX4VKUg';
recipientIndex := 1;
CkJwe_SetWrappingKey(jwe,recipientIndex,aesWrappingKey,'base64url');

//  OK.. everything has been specified.
//  Now encrypt.  Chilkat will use the general JSON serialization because it is only
//  possible serializationto use given there are multiple recipients.
strJwe := CkJwe__encrypt(jwe,plaintext,'utf-8');
if (CkJwe_getLastMethodSuccess(jwe) <> True) then
  begin
    Memo1.Lines.Add(CkJwe__lastErrorText(jwe));
    Exit;
  end;

//  The strJwe is in the most compact form possible (a single line).
//  Let's load it into a JSON object and examine in a non-compact pretty-printed format:
jsonTemp := CkJsonObject_Create();
CkJsonObject_Load(jsonTemp,strJwe);
CkJsonObject_putEmitCompact(jsonTemp,False);
Memo1.Lines.Add(CkJsonObject__emit(jsonTemp));

//  The JWE looks like this:
//  (Note: Because of random values used in the encryption process, your encrypted results will be different.)

//  	{
//  	  "protected": "eyJlbmMiOiJBMTI4Q0JDLUhTMjU2In0",
//  	  "unprotected": {
//  	    "jku": "https://server.example.com/keys.jwks"
//  	  },
//  	  "recipients": [
//  	    {
//  	      "header": {
//  	        "alg": "RSA1_5",
//  	        "kid": "2011-04-29"
//  	      },
//  	      "encrypted_key": "WlUggejR-vStJVNKgjG2mQrVv74aga1FFutT8E-n-yJEOTsOVnGjhj1NW_Snd9DqHAhFrc7NEvKCFplKWGnusBZxxjm1JpdUa0MIpkGmncJHQQdfm21vcbEUbDmfqVY79SnEis3tih1D3qmyp_Bxti4byDAHJIOJv_cj0Sx8oHZzgGtOLjtHsydyo1MtBIqI0w86i_uhUuraihZ3ngj67YZ6uqpR6lulkPIVohfF3oJ0D3Ay_XOCHWlHYkTg6VZsa0FDrPtfB2pG3TxTBPwI4IMj5uF_D3zrg51dCYKU1Gah71ujLaXRE5q9XF7oOknxiWQuWc7Ox8JP03lSx-DiVA"
//  	    },
//  	    {
//  	      "header": {
//  	        "alg": "A128KW",
//  	        "kid": "7"
//  	      },
//  	      "encrypted_key": "8diBP2aUUB_Jl5WxCuMJLN6HsppE3rhSjcecee0fBcwB31zbPAVejQ"
//  	    }
//  	  ],
//  	  "iv": "JqahFKx5Z8SFT_LnkfOq0Q",
//  	  "ciphertext": "YcSdjlszsaY1ADcs4Vw85H_WoAqnkDIJaJsTkmCj05s",
//  	  "tag": "G3KF2CZ-DMhm0cqUbhJKMA"
//  	}

//  To decrypt, we don't need both recipient keys.  We can decrypt with one key or the other.
//  The FindRecipient method can be used to find a particular recipient index.

//  First, load the JWE..
jwe2 := CkJwe_Create();
success := CkJwe_LoadJwe(jwe2,strJwe);
if (success <> True) then
  begin
    Memo1.Lines.Add(CkJwe__lastErrorText(jwe2));
    Exit;
  end;

//  Let's say we have the AES key wrap key, and we know the "kid" equals "7".
caseSensitive := False;
recipientIndex := CkJwe_FindRecipient(jwe2,'kid','7',caseSensitive);
if (recipientIndex < 0) then
  begin
    Memo1.Lines.Add('Unable to find recipient with kid=7');
    Exit;
  end;

//  Set the AES wrap key for the recipient index.
CkJwe_SetWrappingKey(jwe2,recipientIndex,aesWrappingKey,'base64url');

//  Decrypt
originalPlaintext := CkJwe__decrypt(jwe2,recipientIndex,'utf-8');
if (CkJwe_getLastMethodSuccess(jwe2) <> True) then
  begin
    Memo1.Lines.Add(CkJwe__lastErrorText(jwe2));
    Exit;
  end;

Memo1.Lines.Add('original text decrypted with AES key wrap key: ');
Memo1.Lines.Add(originalPlaintext);

//  Now, let's do the same with the RSA private key:
recipientIndex := CkJwe_FindRecipient(jwe2,'kid','2011-04-29',caseSensitive);
if (recipientIndex < 0) then
  begin
    Memo1.Lines.Add('Unable to find recipient with kid=2011-04-29');
    Exit;
  end;

//  Set the RSA private key for the recipient index.
CkJwe_SetPrivateKey(jwe2,recipientIndex,rsaPrivKey);

//  Decrypt
originalPlaintext := CkJwe__decrypt(jwe2,recipientIndex,'utf-8');
if (CkJwe_getLastMethodSuccess(jwe2) <> True) then
  begin
    Memo1.Lines.Add(CkJwe__lastErrorText(jwe2));
    Exit;
  end;

Memo1.Lines.Add('original text decrypted with RSA private key: ');
Memo1.Lines.Add(originalPlaintext);

//  ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//  It should also be possible to decrypt the JWE as shown in RFC 7516, Appendix A.4.7
//  because it was produced using the same keys.

sbJwe := CkStringBuilder_Create();
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'{');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'"protected":');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'"eyJlbmMiOiJBMTI4Q0JDLUhTMjU2In0",');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'"unprotected":');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'{"jku":"https://server.example.com/keys.jwks"},');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'"recipients":[');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'{"header":');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'{"alg":"RSA1_5","kid":"2011-04-29"},');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'"encrypted_key":');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'"UGhIOguC7IuEvf_NPVaXsGMoLOmwvc1GyqlIKOK1nN94nHPoltGRhWhw7Zx0-');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'kFm1NJn8LE9XShH59_i8J0PH5ZZyNfGy2xGdULU7sHNF6Gp2vPLgNZ__deLKx');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'GHZ7PcHALUzoOegEI-8E66jX2E4zyJKx-YxzZIItRzC5hlRirb6Y5Cl_p-ko3');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'YvkkysZIFNPccxRU7qve1WYPxqbb2Yw8kZqa2rMWI5ng8OtvzlV7elprCbuPh');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'cCdZ6XDP0_F8rkXds2vE4X-ncOIM8hAYHHi29NX0mcKiRaD0-D-ljQTP-cFPg');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'wCp6X-nZZd9OHBv-B3oWh2TbqmScqXMR4gp_A"},');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'{"header":');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'{"alg":"A128KW","kid":"7"},');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'"encrypted_key":');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'"6KB707dM9YTIgHtLvtgWQ8mKwboJW3of9locizkDTHzBC2IlrT1oOQ"}],');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'"iv":');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'"AxY8DCtDaGlsbGljb3RoZQ",');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'"ciphertext":');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'"KDlTtXchhZTGufMYmOYGS4HffxPSUrfmqCHXaI9wOGY",');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'"tag":');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'"Mz-VPPyU4RlcuYv1IwIvzw"');
CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJwe,'}');

success := CkJwe_LoadJweSb(jwe2,sbJwe);
if (success <> True) then
  begin
    Memo1.Lines.Add(CkJwe__lastErrorText(jwe2));
    Exit;
  end;

//  We can decrypt with either key.  Let's use the AES key wrap key...
recipientIndex := CkJwe_FindRecipient(jwe2,'kid','7',caseSensitive);
if (recipientIndex < 0) then
  begin
    Memo1.Lines.Add('Unable to find recipient with kid=7');
    Exit;
  end;

//  Set the AES wrap key for the recipient index.
CkJwe_SetWrappingKey(jwe2,recipientIndex,aesWrappingKey,'base64url');

//  Decrypt
originalPlaintext := CkJwe__decrypt(jwe2,recipientIndex,'utf-8');
if (CkJwe_getLastMethodSuccess(jwe2) <> True) then
  begin
    Memo1.Lines.Add(CkJwe__lastErrorText(jwe2));
    Exit;
  end;

Memo1.Lines.Add('original text decrypted from published JWE, with AES key wrap key: ');
Memo1.Lines.Add(originalPlaintext);

//  The output:

//  original text decrypted with AES key wrap key:
//  Live long and prosper.
//  original text decrypted with RSA private key:
//  Live long and prosper.
//  original text decrypted from published JWE, with AES key wrap key:
//  Live long and prosper.

CkJwe_Dispose(jwe);
CkJsonObject_Dispose(jweProtHdr);
CkJsonObject_Dispose(jweRecipientHdr1);
CkJsonObject_Dispose(jweRecipientHdr2);
CkJsonObject_Dispose(jweUnprotHdr);
CkStringBuilder_Dispose(sbJwk);
CkPrivateKey_Dispose(rsaPrivKey);
CkJsonObject_Dispose(jsonTemp);
CkJwe_Dispose(jwe2);
CkStringBuilder_Dispose(sbJwe);

end;

 

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