Chilkat Examples

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DataFlex Web API Examples

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(DataFlex) Shopify OAuth2 Authentication

Demonstrates obtaining an access token for a Shopify application using OAuth2 authentication. This example is for non-web-apps, and requires that a browser window be displayed to get authorization from the user.

A web-based application would not obtain an OAuth2 token in this way, because the redirect URL would route back to the web application.

Note: Once an access token is in hand, the remainder of the Chilkat examples, which use an already-obtained access token, apply to both web and non-web apps.

Chilkat ActiveX Downloads

ActiveX for 32-bit and 64-bit Windows

Use ChilkatAx-9.5.0-win32.pkg

Procedure Test
    Handle hoOauth2
    Boolean iSuccess
    String sUrl
    Integer iNumMsWaited
    Handle hoSbJson
    String sTemp1
    Integer iTemp1
    Boolean bTemp1

    // This example requires the Chilkat API to have been previously unlocked.
    // See Global Unlock Sample for sample code.

    Get Create (RefClass(cComChilkatOAuth2)) To hoOauth2
    If (Not(IsComObjectCreated(hoOauth2))) Begin
        Send CreateComObject of hoOauth2
    End

    // This should be the port in the localhost callback URL for your app.  
    // The callback URL would look like "http://localhost:3017/" if the port number is 3017.
    // Make sure that "http://localhost:3017/" is listed in your Whitelisted Redirection URLs for your Shopify app.
    Set ComListenPort Of hoOauth2 To 3017

    // The full content of the Authorization Endpoin for Shopify looks like this:
    // https://{shop}.myshopify.com/admin/oauth/authorize?client_id={api_key}&scope={scopes}&redirect_uri={redirect_uri}&state={nonce}&grant_options[]={option}

    // Replace "chilkat" with your shop name.
    Set ComAuthorizationEndpoint Of hoOauth2 To "https://chilkat.myshopify.com/admin/oauth/authorize"
    Set ComTokenEndpoint Of hoOauth2 To "https://chilkat.myshopify.com/admin/oauth/access_token"

    // Replace these with actual values.
    Set ComClientId Of hoOauth2 To "SHOPIFY_API_KEY"
    Set ComClientSecret Of hoOauth2 To "SHOPIFY_API_SECRET_KEY"

    Set ComCodeChallenge Of hoOauth2 To True
    Set ComCodeChallengeMethod Of hoOauth2 To "S256"

    // Set requested scopes.  See https://help.shopify.com/api/getting-started/authentication/oauth
    Set ComScope Of hoOauth2 To "read_product_listings,read_customers,read_orders,read_draft_orders"

    // Begin the OAuth2 three-legged flow.  This returns a URL that should be loaded in a browser.
    Get ComStartAuth Of hoOauth2 To sUrl
    Get ComLastMethodSuccess Of hoOauth2 To bTemp1
    If (bTemp1 <> True) Begin
        Get ComLastErrorText Of hoOauth2 To sTemp1
        Showln sTemp1
        Procedure_Return
    End

    Showln "url: " sUrl

    // At this point, your application should load the URL in a browser.
    // For example, 
    // in C#: System.Diagnostics.Process.Start(url);
    // in Java: Desktop.getDesktop().browse(new URI(url));
    // in VBScript: Set wsh=WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
    //              wsh.Run url
    // in Xojo: ShowURL(url)  (see http://docs.xojo.com/index.php/ShowURL)
    // in Dataflex: Runprogram Background "c:\Program Files\Internet Explorer\iexplore.exe" sUrl        
    // The Google account owner would interactively accept or deny the authorization request.

    // Add the code to load the url in a web browser here...
    // Add the code to load the url in a web browser here...
    // Add the code to load the url in a web browser here...
    // System.Diagnostics.Process.Start(url);

    // Now wait for the authorization.
    // We'll wait for a max of 30 seconds.
    Move 0 To iNumMsWaited
    While ((iNumMsWaited < 30000) And ((ComAuthFlowState(hoOauth2)) < 3))
        Send ComSleepMs To hoOauth2 100
        Move (iNumMsWaited + 100) To iNumMsWaited
    Loop

    // If there was no response from the browser within 30 seconds, then 
    // the AuthFlowState will be equal to 1 or 2.
    // 1: Waiting for Redirect. The OAuth2 background thread is waiting to receive the redirect HTTP request from the browser.
    // 2: Waiting for Final Response. The OAuth2 background thread is waiting for the final access token response.
    // In that case, cancel the background task started in the call to StartAuth.
    Get ComAuthFlowState Of hoOauth2 To iTemp1
    If (iTemp1 < 3) Begin
        Get ComCancel Of hoOauth2 To iSuccess
        Showln "No response from the browser!"
        Procedure_Return
    End

    // Check the AuthFlowState to see if authorization was granted, denied, or if some error occurred
    // The possible AuthFlowState values are:
    // 3: Completed with Success. The OAuth2 flow has completed, the background thread exited, and the successful JSON response is available in AccessTokenResponse property.
    // 4: Completed with Access Denied. The OAuth2 flow has completed, the background thread exited, and the error JSON is available in AccessTokenResponse property.
    // 5: Failed Prior to Completion. The OAuth2 flow failed to complete, the background thread exited, and the error information is available in the FailureInfo property.
    Get ComAuthFlowState Of hoOauth2 To iTemp1
    If (iTemp1 = 5) Begin
        Showln "OAuth2 failed to complete."
        Get ComFailureInfo Of hoOauth2 To sTemp1
        Showln sTemp1
        Procedure_Return
    End

    Get ComAuthFlowState Of hoOauth2 To iTemp1
    If (iTemp1 = 4) Begin
        Showln "OAuth2 authorization was denied."
        Get ComAccessTokenResponse Of hoOauth2 To sTemp1
        Showln sTemp1
        Procedure_Return
    End

    Get ComAuthFlowState Of hoOauth2 To iTemp1
    If (iTemp1 <> 3) Begin
        Get ComAuthFlowState Of hoOauth2 To iTemp1
        Showln "Unexpected AuthFlowState:" iTemp1
        Procedure_Return
    End

    Showln "OAuth2 authorization granted!"
    Get ComAccessToken Of hoOauth2 To sTemp1
    Showln "Access Token = " sTemp1

    // Save the full JSON access token response to a file.
    Get Create (RefClass(cComChilkatStringBuilder)) To hoSbJson
    If (Not(IsComObjectCreated(hoSbJson))) Begin
        Send CreateComObject of hoSbJson
    End
    Get ComAccessTokenResponse Of hoOauth2 To sTemp1
    Get ComAppend Of hoSbJson sTemp1 To iSuccess
    Get ComWriteFile Of hoSbJson "qa_data/tokens/shopify-access-token.json" "utf-8" False To iSuccess

    // The saved JSON response looks like this:

    // {
    //   "access_token": "1364e43a5332583188cb27bc85469b1f",
    //   "scope": "read_product_listings,read_customers,read_orders,read_draft_orders"
    // }


End_Procedure

 

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