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DataFlex Examples

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(DataFlex) RSA Encrypting Symmetric Secret Key

The RSA encryption algorithm is computationally expensive. It is not the best choice for encrypting large amounts of data. Symmetric encryption algorithms such as AES (i.e. Rijndael) or Blowfish are much more efficient. A typical application scenario is that you want to send encrypted messages to a partner, but you don't want to send the symmetric key unprotected. A solution is to generate a public/private RSA key pair and provide your partner with the public key (in advance). You may then encrypt the symmetric algorithm's key using the RSA private key. Next, encrypt the message using the symmetric algorithm, and send your partner both the encrypted key and encrypted message. Your partner decrypts by first RSA decrypting the key, and then uses the decrypted symmetric key to decrypt the message content.

Chilkat ActiveX Downloads

ActiveX for 32-bit and 64-bit Windows

Use ChilkatAx-9.5.0-win32.pkg

Procedure Test
    Handle hoRsa
    Handle hoCrypt
    String sXmlKey
    Boolean iSuccess
    String sSecretKey
    Boolean iBUsePrivateKey
    String sEncryptedKey
    String sEncryptedText
    String sDecryptedKey
2    Handle hoCrypt2
    String sDecryptedText

    // This example assumes the Chilkat API to have been previously unlocked.
    // See Global Unlock Sample for sample code.

    Get Create (RefClass(cComChilkatRsa)) To hoRsa
    If (Not(IsComObjectCreated(hoRsa))) Begin
        Send CreateComObject of hoRsa
    End
    Get Create (RefClass(cComChilkatCrypt2)) To hoCrypt
    If (Not(IsComObjectCreated(hoCrypt))) Begin
        Send CreateComObject of hoCrypt
    End

    // Load a public/private key pair from a .snk key file.
    // Assume you have already provided your partner with 
    // the public key part of the key pair.
    Get ComSnkToXml Of hoRsa "chilkat2.snk" To sXmlKey

    // Alternatively, you may generate a public/private key pair 
    // by calling GenerateKey..

    // Import the private key into the RSA instance.
    Get ComImportPrivateKey Of hoRsa sXmlKey To iSuccess

    // Our message data will be encrypted using 128-bit AES
    // encryption, using CBC (cipher-block chaining).
    Set ComCryptAlgorithm Of hoCrypt To "aes"
    Set ComCipherMode Of hoCrypt To "cbc"
    Set ComKeyLength Of hoCrypt To 128

    // Generate a 128-bit secret key from a passphrase and return it as a hex string.
    Get ComGenEncodedSecretKey Of hoCrypt "secret" "hex" To sSecretKey
    Showln "Unencrypted Key: " sSecretKey

    // Use the key we generated:
    Send ComSetEncodedKey To hoCrypt sSecretKey "hex"

    // RSA encrypt the secret key and return as a hex string:
    Set ComEncodingMode Of hoRsa To "hex"
    Move False To iBUsePrivateKey
    Get ComEncryptStringENC Of hoRsa sSecretKey iBUsePrivateKey To sEncryptedKey

    // Symmetric encrypt a message.  For this example the message
    // is very short, but typically this is where a large amount
    // of data may be encrypted.
    Set ComEncodingMode Of hoCrypt To "base64"
    Get ComEncryptStringENC Of hoCrypt "Hello World!" To sEncryptedText

    // Show our encrypted key and encrypted text:
    Showln "Encrypted Key: " sEncryptedKey
    Showln "Encrypted Text: " sEncryptedText

    // Assume we sent these strings to our partner...

    // Here's what we do at the partner end:
    Get ComImportPublicKey Of hoRsa sXmlKey To iSuccess

    // First, decrypt the encryptedKey:
    Move True To iBUsePrivateKey
    Get ComDecryptStringENC Of hoRsa sEncryptedKey iBUsePrivateKey To sDecryptedKey
    Showln "Decrypted Key: " sDecryptedKey

    // Set our crypt object's properties and secret key:
    Get Create (RefClass(cComChilkatCrypt2)) To hoCrypt2
    If (Not(IsComObjectCreated(hoCrypt2))) Begin
        Send CreateComObject of hoCrypt2
    End
    Set ComCryptAlgorithm Of hoCrypt2 To "aes"
    Set ComCipherMode Of hoCrypt2 To "cbc"
    Set ComKeyLength Of hoCrypt2 To 128
    Set ComEncodingMode Of hoCrypt2 To "base64"
    Send ComSetEncodedKey To hoCrypt2 sDecryptedKey "hex"

    // Decrypt the message:
    Get ComDecryptStringENC Of hoCrypt2 sEncryptedText To sDecryptedText
    Showln "Decrypted Text: " sDecryptedText


End_Procedure

 

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