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(DataFlex) MIME Content-Transfer-Encoding Header Field

Explains the Content-Transfer-Encoding header field and how it affects how data is stored in the MIME.

Chilkat ActiveX Downloads

ActiveX for 32-bit and 64-bit Windows

Use ChilkatAx-9.5.0-win32.pkg

Procedure Test
    Boolean iSuccess
    Handle hoSbJpgBase64
    Handle hoMime
    Variant hoMimeBytes
    Variant hoJpgBytes
    String sJpgBase64
    String sMimeStr
    String sTemp1

    //  The Content-Transfer-Encoding header field is typically set to one of these values:
    // 
    //    base64
    //    quoted-printable
    //    binary
    //    8bit
    //    7bit

    //  If the encoding is base64 or quoted-printable, then the bytes of the content are encoded as such.
    //  The values "8bit", "7bit", and "binary" all imply that NO encoding has been performed.

    //  Here are some guidelines and hints:
    // 
    //  1) "8bit", "7bit", and "binary" encodings (i.e. NO encoding) results in the smallest MIME.

    //  2) A "binary" encoding implies non-text data.  Binary MIME CANNOT be retrieved as a string.  It can only be retrieved as a byte array.

    //  3) "8bit" and "7bit" encodings imply text.
    //     7bit implies that the text is us-ascii (all byte values less than or equal to 0x7F).
    //     8bit implies that the text contains non-us-ascii chars.

    //  4) Base64 is the best choice for encoding non-text data, such as PDF's, images, etc.

    //  5) quoted-printable is the best choice for encoding text data where most chars are going to be us-ascii. This would typically
    //     include all Western European languages.  For Asian, Arabic, Hebrew, etc. where most chars in the text are non-us-ascii,
    //     the most efficient encoding would be base64.

    //  Let's demonstrate with this small JPG image.

    Get Create (RefClass(cComChilkatStringBuilder)) To hoSbJpgBase64
    If (Not(IsComObjectCreated(hoSbJpgBase64))) Begin
        Send CreateComObject of hoSbJpgBase64
    End
    Get ComAppend Of hoSbJpgBase64 "/9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAQEASABIAAD//gAmRmlsZSB3cml0dGVuIGJ5IEFkb2JlIFBob3Rvc2hvcD8g" + (character(13)) + (character(10)) To iSuccess
    Get ComAppend Of hoSbJpgBase64 "NC4w/9sAQwAQCwwODAoQDg0OEhEQExgoGhgWFhgxIyUdKDozPTw5Mzg3QEhcTkBEV0U3OFBtUVdf" + (character(13)) + (character(10)) To iSuccess
    Get ComAppend Of hoSbJpgBase64 "YmdoZz5NcXlwZHhcZWdj/9sAQwEREhIYFRgvGhovY0I4QmNjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2Nj" + (character(13)) + (character(10)) To iSuccess
    Get ComAppend Of hoSbJpgBase64 "Y2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2Nj/8IAEQgAFAAUAwERAAIRAQMRAf/EABcAAAMBAAAA" + (character(13)) + (character(10)) To iSuccess
    Get ComAppend Of hoSbJpgBase64 "AAAAAAAAAAAAAAIDBAX/xAAYAQADAQEAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAABAgMEAP/aAAwDAQACEAMQAAAB2kZY" + (character(13)) + (character(10)) To iSuccess
    Get ComAppend Of hoSbJpgBase64 "NNEijWKddfTmLgALWH//xAAbEAACAgMBAAAAAAAAAAAAAAABAgMRAAQSE//aAAgBAQABBQL0XqN+" + (character(13)) + (character(10)) To iSuccess
    Get ComAppend Of hoSbJpgBase64 "pM2aqJGMiqFFCyg7z//EABwRAAICAgMAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAERAAIQIQMSUf/aAAgBAwEBPwHqU5aq" + (character(13)) + (character(10)) To iSuccess
    Get ComAppend Of hoSbJpgBase64 "Axx+y1tMQl4elj//xAAcEQEAAQUBAQAAAAAAAAAAAAABEQACEBIhA1H/2gAIAQIBAT8B3Bhqy7Zc" + (character(13)) + (character(10)) To iSuccess
    Get ComAppend Of hoSbJpgBase64 "enyiwmGgDhiOzj//xAAdEAABAwUBAAAAAAAAAAAAAAABAAIREBIhIkFR/9oACAEBAAY/ArZyn+Cg" + (character(13)) + (character(10)) To iSuccess
    Get ComAppend Of hoSbJpgBase64 "xtxWuJaoCnqDuin/xAAcEAABBAMBAAAAAAAAAAAAAAABABEhYRAxQVH/2gAIAQEAAT8hkEwPUUR9" + (character(13)) + (character(10)) To iSuccess
    Get ComAppend Of hoSbJpgBase64 "DYfE4nxtRpIkBTsayuALIiuY/9oADAMBAAIAAwAAABDWPTsf/8QAGhEAAwADAQAAAAAAAAAAAAAA" + (character(13)) + (character(10)) To iSuccess
    Get ComAppend Of hoSbJpgBase64 "AAEREDFBIf/aAAgBAwEBPxC0DVPcWm+Ce4OesrkE6bjH/8QAGBEBAQEBAQAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAREA" + (character(13)) + (character(10)) To iSuccess
    Get ComAppend Of hoSbJpgBase64 "QRD/2gAIAQIBAT8QahMiOc8YgSrnTY3ELclHXn//xAAcEAEBAAIDAQEAAAAAAAAAAAABEQAhMUFx" + (character(13)) + (character(10)) To iSuccess
    Get ComAppend Of hoSbJpgBase64 "EFH/2gAIAQEAAT8Qn3igmSZSj+c4N4zapMy9IjFV98wncN2iuLFsCEbDGxQkI6RO/n//2Q==" + (character(13)) + (character(10)) To iSuccess

    Get Create (RefClass(cComChilkatMime)) To hoMime
    If (Not(IsComObjectCreated(hoMime))) Begin
        Send CreateComObject of hoMime
    End
    Set ComContentType Of hoMime To "image/jpeg"
    Get ComGetAsString Of hoSbJpgBase64 To sTemp1
    Get ComSetBodyFromEncoded Of hoMime "base64" sTemp1 To iSuccess

    Get ComGetMime Of hoMime To sTemp1
    Showln sTemp1
    Showln "-"

    //  The result:
    // 
    //  	Content-Type: image/jpeg
    //  	Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64
    // 
    //  	/9j/4AAQSkZJRgABAQEASABIAAD//gAmRmlsZSB3cml0dGVuIGJ5IEFkb2JlIFBob3Rvc2hvcD8g
    //  	NC4w/9sAQwAQCwwODAoQDg0OEhEQExgoGhgWFhgxIyUdKDozPTw5Mzg3QEhcTkBEV0U3OFBtUVdf
    //  	YmdoZz5NcXlwZHhcZWdj/9sAQwEREhIYFRgvGhovY0I4QmNjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2Nj
    //  	Y2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2NjY2Nj/8IAEQgAFAAUAwERAAIRAQMRAf/EABcAAAMBAAAA
    //  	AAAAAAAAAAAAAAIDBAX/xAAYAQADAQEAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAABAgMEAP/aAAwDAQACEAMQAAAB2kZY
    //  	NNEijWKddfTmLgALWH//xAAbEAACAgMBAAAAAAAAAAAAAAABAgMRAAQSE//aAAgBAQABBQL0XqN+
    //  	pM2aqJGMiqFFCyg7z//EABwRAAICAgMAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAERAAIQIQMSUf/aAAgBAwEBPwHqU5aq
    //  	Axx+y1tMQl4elj//xAAcEQEAAQUBAQAAAAAAAAAAAAABEQACEBIhA1H/2gAIAQIBAT8B3Bhqy7Zc
    //  	enyiwmGgDhiOzj//xAAdEAABAwUBAAAAAAAAAAAAAAABAAIREBIhIkFR/9oACAEBAAY/ArZyn+Cg
    //  	xtxWuJaoCnqDuin/xAAcEAABBAMBAAAAAAAAAAAAAAABABEhYRAxQVH/2gAIAQEAAT8hkEwPUUR9
    //  	DYfE4nxtRpIkBTsayuALIiuY/9oADAMBAAIAAwAAABDWPTsf/8QAGhEAAwADAQAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
    //  	AAEREDFBIf/aAAgBAwEBPxC0DVPcWm+Ce4OesrkE6bjH/8QAGBEBAQEBAQAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAREA
    //  	QRD/2gAIAQIBAT8QahMiOc8YgSrnTY3ELclHXn//xAAcEAEBAAIDAQEAAAAAAAAAAAABEQAhMUFx
    //  	EFH/2gAIAQEAAT8Qn3igmSZSj+c4N4zapMy9IjFV98wncN2iuLFsCEbDGxQkI6RO/n//2Q==
    // 

    //  Set the Content-Transfer-Encoding to "binary" by setting the Encoding property.
    Set ComEncoding Of hoMime To "binary"

    //  Try to get the MIME string.  This CANNOT be done.  The bytes of the JPG image do not
    //  represent chars, and to return a string means that bytes must be interpreted according
    //  to some character encoding (such as utf-8).  Non-text binary bytes can only be
    //  contained in a string IF encoded in some way. Encodings such as Base64, quoted-printable,
    //  URL, etc. exist to make it possible to represent binary data in string format.
    Get ComGetMime Of hoMime To sTemp1
    Showln sTemp1
    Showln "-"

    //  We CAN get the binary MIME as bytes..

    Get ComGetMimeBytes Of hoMime To hoMimeBytes

    //  Regardless of the Content-Transfer-Encoding, the
    //  body content can always be retrieved and the body bytes
    //  decoded from whatever encoding is used..

    Get ComGetBodyBinary Of hoMime To hoJpgBytes

    //  To get the body in base64 format, first make sure
    //  the Content-Transfer-Encoding is base64, then call GetBodyEncoded.
    Set ComEncoding Of hoMime To "base64"
    Get ComGetBodyEncoded Of hoMime To sJpgBase64
    Showln sJpgBase64
    Showln "-"

    //  Let's go back to "binary" MIME..
    Set ComEncoding Of hoMime To "binary"

    //  Let's say we have MIME, and it was loaded directly from a file, or from
    //  a byte array.  (It was not loaded from the contents of a string variable.)
    //  We don't know whether the MIME contains binary or 8bit encodings, and thus
    //  we dont' know if the MIME is safe to get as a string.
    //  The Convert8Bit method can be called to recursively traverse the MIME and set
    //  all 8bit or binary encodings to "base64".  This makes the MIME safe for storing in
    //  a string.
    Send ComConvert8Bit To hoMime
    Get ComGetMime Of hoMime To sMimeStr
    Showln sMimeStr
    Showln "-"


End_Procedure

 

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