Chilkat Examples

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C# UWP/WinRT Examples

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(C# UWP/WinRT) Microsoft Graph OAuth2 Access Token - Using Azure AD v2.0 Endpoint

Demonstrates how to get a Microsoft Graph OAuth2 access token from a desktop application or script.

The Microsoft Graph supports two authentication providers:

  • To authenticate users with personal Microsoft accounts, such as live.com or outlook.com accounts, use the Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) v2.0 endpoint.
  • To authenticate users with enterprise (that is, work or school) accounts, use Azure AD.

This example uses the Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) v2.0 endpoint.

This example requires Chilkat v9.5.0.67 or greater.

Chilkat Universal Windows Platform (UWP) / WinRT Downloads

Chilkat for the Universal Windows Platform (UWP)

//  This example requires the Chilkat API to have been previously unlocked.
//  See Global Unlock Sample for sample code.

Chilkat.OAuth2 oauth2 = new Chilkat.OAuth2();
bool success;

//  This should be the port in the localhost callback URL for your app.
//  The callback URL would look like "http://localhost:3017/" if the port number is 3017.
oauth2.ListenPort = 3017;

oauth2.AuthorizationEndpoint = "https://login.microsoftonline.com/common/oauth2/v2.0/authorize";
oauth2.TokenEndpoint = "https://login.microsoftonline.com/common/oauth2/v2.0/token";

//  Replace these with actual values.
oauth2.ClientId = "MICROSOFT-GRAPH-CLIENT-ID";
//  This is your app password:
oauth2.ClientSecret = "MICROSOFT-GRAPH-CLIENT-SECRET";

oauth2.CodeChallenge = false;
//  Provide a SPACE separated list of scopes.
//  See https://developer.microsoft.com/en-us/graph/docs/authorization/permission_scopes

//  Important: To get a refresh token in the final response, you have to ask for "offline_access" scope
oauth2.Scope = "openid profile offline_access user.readwrite mail.readwrite mail.send";

//  Begin the OAuth2 three-legged flow.  This returns a URL that should be loaded in a browser.
string url = oauth2.StartAuth();
if (oauth2.LastMethodSuccess != true) {
    Debug.WriteLine(oauth2.LastErrorText);
    return;
}

//  At this point, your application should load the URL in a browser.
//  For example,
//  in C#:  System.Diagnostics.Process.Start(url);
//  in Java: Desktop.getDesktop().browse(new URI(url));
//  in VBScript: Set wsh=WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
//               wsh.Run url
//  in Xojo: ShowURL(url)  (see http://docs.xojo.com/index.php/ShowURL)
//  The Microsoft account owner would interactively accept or deny the authorization request.

//  Add the code to load the url in a web browser here...
//  Add the code to load the url in a web browser here...
//  Add the code to load the url in a web browser here...

//  Now wait for the authorization.
//  We'll wait for a max of 30 seconds.
int numMsWaited = 0;
while ((numMsWaited < 30000) && (oauth2.AuthFlowState < 3)) {
    oauth2.SleepMs(100);
    numMsWaited = numMsWaited + 100;
}

//  If there was no response from the browser within 30 seconds, then
//  the AuthFlowState will be equal to 1 or 2.
//  1: Waiting for Redirect. The OAuth2 background thread is waiting to receive the redirect HTTP request from the browser.
//  2: Waiting for Final Response. The OAuth2 background thread is waiting for the final access token response.
//  In that case, cancel the background task started in the call to StartAuth.
if (oauth2.AuthFlowState < 3) {
    oauth2.Cancel();
    Debug.WriteLine("No response from the browser!");
    return;
}

//  Check the AuthFlowState to see if authorization was granted, denied, or if some error occurred
//  The possible AuthFlowState values are:
//  3: Completed with Success. The OAuth2 flow has completed, the background thread exited, and the successful JSON response is available in AccessTokenResponse property.
//  4: Completed with Access Denied. The OAuth2 flow has completed, the background thread exited, and the error JSON is available in AccessTokenResponse property.
//  5: Failed Prior to Completion. The OAuth2 flow failed to complete, the background thread exited, and the error information is available in the FailureInfo property.
if (oauth2.AuthFlowState == 5) {
    Debug.WriteLine("OAuth2 failed to complete.");
    Debug.WriteLine(oauth2.FailureInfo);
    return;
}

if (oauth2.AuthFlowState == 4) {
    Debug.WriteLine("OAuth2 authorization was denied.");
    Debug.WriteLine(oauth2.AccessTokenResponse);
    return;
}

if (oauth2.AuthFlowState != 3) {
    Debug.WriteLine("Unexpected AuthFlowState:" + Convert.ToString(oauth2.AuthFlowState));
    return;
}

Debug.WriteLine("OAuth2 authorization granted!");
Debug.WriteLine("Access Token = " + oauth2.AccessToken);

//  Get the full JSON response:
Chilkat.JsonObject json = new Chilkat.JsonObject();
json.Load(oauth2.AccessTokenResponse);
json.EmitCompact = false;

//  The JSON response looks like this:

//  {
//   "token_type": "Bearer",
//    "scope": "User.Read Mail.ReadWrite Mail.Send",
//    "expires_in": 3600,
//    "ext_expires_in": 0,
//    "access_token": "EwBAA8l6B...",
//    "refresh_token": "MCRMdbe...",
//    "id_token": "eyJ0eXA..."
//  }

//  If an "expires_on" member does not exist, then add the JSON member by
//  getting the current system date/time and adding the "expires_in" seconds.
//  This way we'll know when the token expires.
if (json.HasMember("expires_on") != true) {
    Chilkat.CkDateTime dtExpire = new Chilkat.CkDateTime();
    dtExpire.SetFromCurrentSystemTime();
    dtExpire.AddSeconds(json.IntOf("expires_in"));
    json.AppendString("expires_on",dtExpire.GetAsUnixTimeStr(false));
}

Debug.WriteLine(json.Emit());

//  Save the JSON to a file for future requests.
Chilkat.FileAccess fac = new Chilkat.FileAccess();
fac.WriteEntireTextFile("qa_data/tokens/microsoftGraph.json",json.Emit(),"utf-8",false);

 

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