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(C# UWP/WinRT) AEAD AES 128-bit GCM

Demonstrates AES encryption using the Galois/Counter Mode (GCM). GCM is an authenticated encryption mode with "additional data" (often referred to as AEAD). GCM is a cipher mode that can be applied to any symmetric encryption algorithm with a 16-byte block size, such as AES and Twofish. In GCM mode, the block encryption algorithm is transformed into a stream encryption algorithm, and therefore no padding occurs (and the PaddingScheme property does not apply). The "additional data" (known as the AAD) does not get encrypted but plays a role in the computation of the resulting "authenticated tag".

Chilkat Universal Windows Platform (UWP) / WinRT Downloads

Chilkat for the Universal Windows Platform (UWP)

Chilkat.Crypt2 crypt = new Chilkat.Crypt2();

bool success = crypt.UnlockComponent("Anything for 30-day trial");
if (success != true) {
    Debug.WriteLine(crypt.LastErrorText);
    return;
}

//  Set the encryption algorithm to "AES"
crypt.CryptAlgorithm = "aes";

//  Indicate that the Galois/Counter Mode (GCM) should be used:
crypt.CipherMode = "gcm";

//  KeyLength may be 128, 192, 256
crypt.KeyLength = 128;

//  This is the 128-bit AES secret key (in hex format)
string K = "feffe9928665731c6d6a8f9467308308";

//  This is the 16-byte initialization vector:
string IV = "cafebabefacedbaddecaf888";

//  This is the additional data to be used as input to the GCM AEAD algorithm,
//  but is not included in the output.  It plays a role in the computation of the
//  resulting authenticated tag.
string AAD = "feedfacedeadbeeffeedfacedeadbeefabaddad2";

//  The plain-text bytes (in hex format) to be encrypted.
string PT = "d9313225f88406e5a55909c5aff5269a86a7a9531534f7da2e4c303d8a318a721c3c0c95956809532fcf0e2449a6b525b16aedf5aa0de657ba637b39";

//  The expected cipher text (in hex format)
string CT = "42831ec2217774244b7221b784d0d49ce3aa212f2c02a4e035c17e2329aca12e21d514b25466931c7d8f6a5aac84aa051ba30b396a0aac973d58e091";

//  The expected authenticated tag given the above inputs.
string T = "5bc94fbc3221a5db94fae95ae7121a47";

//  Note: The above data are the values for test vector #4 from
//  the PDF document at: http://csrc.nist.gov/groups/ST/toolkit/BCM/documents/proposedmodes/gcm/gcm-spec.pdf

//  EncodingMode specifies the encoding of the output for
//  encryption, and the input for decryption.
//  It may be "hex", "url", "base64", or "quoted-printable".
crypt.EncodingMode = "hex";

//  Set the secret key and IV
crypt.SetEncodedIV(IV,"hex");
crypt.SetEncodedKey(K,"hex");

//  Set the additional authenticated data (AAD)
success = crypt.SetEncodedAad(AAD,"hex");

//  For the purpose of duplicating the test vectors, we are using the EncryptEncoded method.
//  This method decodes the input string according to the encoding specified by the EncodingMode
//  property, which in this case is "hex".  The decoded bytes are encrypted using the mode specified
//  by the CipherMode property.  The resulting
//  encrypted bytes are encoded (again using the encoding mode specified by EncodingMode),
//  and the result is returned.
//  <b>Note:</b> The CipherMode property sets the block mode of operation (gcm, cfb, cbc, ofb, ecb, etc.)
//  for any of the Chilkat encryption/decryption methods (such as EncryptBytes, EncryptString,
//  CkEncryptFile, etc.)   Just because GCM mode is demonstrated with EncryptEncoded/DecryptEncoded,
//  does not imply that GCM mode is specific to only these methods.
string ctResult = crypt.EncryptEncoded(PT);
if (crypt.LastMethodSuccess != true) {
    Debug.WriteLine(crypt.LastErrorText);
    return;
}

//  Examine the result.  It should be the same (case insensitive) as our expected result:
Debug.WriteLine("computed result: " + ctResult);
Debug.WriteLine("expected result: " + CT);

//  Examine the authenticated tag. It should be the same (case insensitive) as our expected authenticated tag:
string tResult = crypt.GetEncodedAuthTag("hex");
Debug.WriteLine("computed authTag: " + tResult);
Debug.WriteLine("expected authTag: " + T);

//  -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//  Now let's GCM decrypt...
//  -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

//  Before GCM decrypting, we must set the authenticated tag to the value that is expected.
//  The decryption will fail if the resulting authenticated tag is not equal (case insensitive) to
//  the expected result.
//  Note: The return value of SetEncodedAuthTag indicates whether the string passed was a valid
//  representation of the encoding specified in the 2nd arg.
success = crypt.SetEncodedAuthTag(T,"hex");

//  All of our properties (IV, secret key, cipher mode, and AAD) are already set from the code above...

//  So let's decrypt CT to and check to see if we get PT.
string ptResult = crypt.DecryptEncoded(CT);
if (crypt.LastMethodSuccess != true) {
    //  Failed.  The resultant authenticated tag did not equal the expected authentication tag.
    Debug.WriteLine(crypt.LastErrorText);
    return;
}

//  Examine the decrypted result.  It should be the same as our expected plaintext (case insensitive)
Debug.WriteLine("plaintext decrypted: " + ptResult);
Debug.WriteLine("plaintext expected:  " + PT);

//  Let's intentionally set the expected authenticated tag to an incorrect value.
//  The decrypt operation should fail:
string tInvalid = "ffaabbbc3221a5db94fae95ae7121a47";

success = crypt.SetEncodedAuthTag(tInvalid,"hex");

ptResult = crypt.DecryptEncoded(CT);
if (crypt.LastMethodSuccess != true) {
    //  Failed.  The resultant authenticated tag did not equal the expected authentication tag.
    Debug.WriteLine(crypt.LastErrorText);
}


 

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