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(C) Quickbooks OAuth2 in a Desktop App

Demonstrates how to get a QuickBooks OAuth2 access token from a desktop application or script.

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#include <C_CkOAuth2.h>
#include <C_CkStringBuilder.h>

void ChilkatSample(void)
    {
    HCkOAuth2 oauth2;
    BOOL success;
    const char *url;
    int numMsWaited;
    HCkStringBuilder sbJson;

    // It requires the Chilkat API to have been previously unlocked.
    // See Global Unlock Sample for sample code.

    oauth2 = CkOAuth2_Create();

    // QuickBooks OAuth2 allows for an "http://localhost:<portNumber>/" callback URL for sandbox testing,
    // but not for production.
    // For a desktop app, you must provide a script on your web server to redirect to "http://localhost/<portNumber>"
    // It can be written in C#, PHP, or whatever desired.  It must include the query string in the redirection.
    // For example, in PHP your script would look like this:

    // <?php
    //   header( 'Location: http://localhost:3017?' . $_SERVER['QUERY_STRING'] );
    // ?>

    CkOAuth2_putAppCallbackUrl(oauth2,"https://yourwebserver.com/OAuth2.php");
    CkOAuth2_putListenPort(oauth2,3017);

    CkOAuth2_putAuthorizationEndpoint(oauth2,"https://appcenter.intuit.com/connect/oauth2");
    CkOAuth2_putTokenEndpoint(oauth2,"https://oauth.platform.intuit.com/oauth2/v1/tokens/bearer");

    // Replace these with actual values.
    CkOAuth2_putClientId(oauth2,"QUICKBOOKS-CLIENT-ID");
    CkOAuth2_putClientSecret(oauth2,"QUICKBOOKS-CLIENT-SECRET");
    CkOAuth2_putUseBasicAuth(oauth2,TRUE);
    CkOAuth2_putCodeChallenge(oauth2,FALSE);

    // Indicate the desired access.  Possible scopes that can appear in the list are:
    // com.intuit.quickbooks.accounting:  QuickBooks Online API
    // com.intuit.quickbooks.payment:  QuickBooks Payments API
    // openid:  OpenID Connect processing
    // profile:  user's given and family names
    // email:  user's email address
    // phone:  user's phone number
    // address:  user's physical address
    CkOAuth2_putScope(oauth2,"com.intuit.quickbooks.accounting");

    // Begin the OAuth2 three-legged flow.  This returns a URL that should be loaded in a browser.
    url = CkOAuth2_startAuth(oauth2);
    if (CkOAuth2_getLastMethodSuccess(oauth2) != TRUE) {
        printf("%s\n",CkOAuth2_lastErrorText(oauth2));
        CkOAuth2_Dispose(oauth2);
        return;
    }

    printf("url = %s\n",url);

    // At this point, your application should load the URL in a browser.
    // For example, 
    // in C#: System.Diagnostics.Process.Start(url);
    // in Java: Desktop.getDesktop().browse(new URI(url));
    // in VBScript: Set wsh=WScript.CreateObject("WScript.Shell")
    //              wsh.Run url
    // The QuickBooks account owner would interactively accept or deny the authorization request.

    // Add the code to load the url in a web browser here...
    // Add the code to load the url in a web browser here...
    // Add the code to load the url in a web browser here...

    // Now wait for the authorization.
    // We'll wait for a max of 60 seconds.
    numMsWaited = 0;
    while ((numMsWaited < 60000) && (CkOAuth2_getAuthFlowState(oauth2) < 3)) {
        CkOAuth2_SleepMs(oauth2,100);
        numMsWaited = numMsWaited + 100;
    }

    // If there was no response from the browser within 60 seconds, then 
    // the AuthFlowState will be equal to 1 or 2.
    // 1: Waiting for Redirect. The OAuth2 background thread is waiting to receive the redirect HTTP request from the browser.
    // 2: Waiting for Final Response. The OAuth2 background thread is waiting for the final access token response.
    // In that case, cancel the background task started in the call to StartAuth.
    if (CkOAuth2_getAuthFlowState(oauth2) < 3) {
        CkOAuth2_Cancel(oauth2);
        printf("No response from the browser!\n");
        CkOAuth2_Dispose(oauth2);
        return;
    }

    // Check the AuthFlowState to see if authorization was granted, denied, or if some error occurred
    // The possible AuthFlowState values are:
    // 3: Completed with Success. The OAuth2 flow has completed, the background thread exited, and the successful JSON response is available in AccessTokenResponse property.
    // 4: Completed with Access Denied. The OAuth2 flow has completed, the background thread exited, and the error JSON is available in AccessTokenResponse property.
    // 5: Failed Prior to Completion. The OAuth2 flow failed to complete, the background thread exited, and the error information is available in the FailureInfo property.
    if (CkOAuth2_getAuthFlowState(oauth2) == 5) {
        printf("OAuth2 failed to complete.\n");
        printf("%s\n",CkOAuth2_failureInfo(oauth2));
        CkOAuth2_Dispose(oauth2);
        return;
    }

    if (CkOAuth2_getAuthFlowState(oauth2) == 4) {
        printf("OAuth2 authorization was denied.\n");
        printf("%s\n",CkOAuth2_accessTokenResponse(oauth2));
        CkOAuth2_Dispose(oauth2);
        return;
    }

    if (CkOAuth2_getAuthFlowState(oauth2) != 3) {
        printf("Unexpected AuthFlowState:%d\n",CkOAuth2_getAuthFlowState(oauth2));
        CkOAuth2_Dispose(oauth2);
        return;
    }

    // Save the full JSON access token response to a file.
    sbJson = CkStringBuilder_Create();
    CkStringBuilder_Append(sbJson,CkOAuth2_accessTokenResponse(oauth2));
    CkStringBuilder_WriteFile(sbJson,"qa_data/tokens/qb-access-token.json","utf-8",FALSE);

    // The full JSON received looks like this:
    // {
    //   "expires_in": 3600,
    //   "x_refresh_token_expires_in": 8726400,
    //   "refresh_token": "L011546037639r ... 3vR2DrbOmg0Sdagw",
    //   "access_token": "eyJlbmMiOiJBMTI4Q0 ... oETJEMbeggg",
    //   "token_type": "bearer"
    // }

    printf("OAuth2 authorization granted!\n");
    printf("Access Token = %s\n",CkOAuth2_accessToken(oauth2));


    CkOAuth2_Dispose(oauth2);
    CkStringBuilder_Dispose(sbJson);

    }

 

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